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Human inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is most readily observed in macrophages from patients with inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to find out the combined effect of male sex hormone; testosterone and apocynin (NADPH oxidase inhibitor) on cytokine-induced iNOS production. THP-1 cells were differentiated into(More)
Senescence may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Although the bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) is limited in senescence, the effect of NO on senescence and its relationship to cardiovascular risk factors have not been investigated fully. We studied these factors by investigating senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA-beta-gal) and(More)
Although sarpogrelate HCl is widely used for the prevention of arterial thrombosis, its effect on atherosclerosis is unknown. Accordingly, we here investigated the effects of sarpogrelate HCl on a rabbit model of atherosclerosis. Male rabbits were fed a 0.5% cholesterol diet (HCD) (Gp 1), HCD with vitamin E (Gp 2), HCD with vitamin E and sarpogrelate (Gp(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of ingested l-arginine, l-citrulline, and antioxidants (vitamins C and E) on the progression of atherosclerosis in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet. The fatty diet caused a marked impairment of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in isolated thoracic aorta and blood flow in rabbit ear artery in(More)
Cellular senescence is characterized by permanent exit from the cell cycle and the appearance of distinct morphological and functional changes associated with an impairment of cellular homeostasis. Many studies support the occurrence of vascular endothelial cell senescence in vivo, and the senescent phenotype of endothelial cells can be transformed from(More)
The elderly are prone to postprandial hyperglycemia that increases their cardiovascular risk. Although insulin therapy is necessary to treat diabetes, high plasma concentrations of insulin may cause the development of atherosclerosis and accelerate endothelial senescence. We assumed that high glucose causes stress-induced premature senescence and(More)
For functional assessment of gene therapy in experimental animals, in vivo assessment of transferred genes will provide a major advance over an in vitro analysis which must be done post-hoc. In the current study we conducted positron emission tomography (PET) analysis in rats following injection of the adenoviral vector encoding the cDNA for the rat(More)
The effects of in vivo gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) genes on severe atherosclerosis were investigated in rabbits. The recombinant adenoviruses, Ad.eNOS and Ad.iNOS, which respectively express eNOS and iNOS, were constructed. Atherosclerosis was induced by a balloon injury followed by a high cholesterol(More)
The long-term benefits of nitroglycerin therapy are limited by tolerance development. Understanding the precise nature of mechanisms underlying nitroglycerin-induced endothelial cell dysfunction may provide new strategies to prevent tolerance development. In this line, we tested interventions to prevent endothelial dysfunction in the setting of nitrate(More)
OBJECTIVE We have reported that inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is present only in deep areas of plaque in atherosclerosis. However, the role of iNOS in the development of atherosclerosis is not well known. We therefore investigated the relevance of iNOS inhibition. METHODS AND RESULTS Seven groups of male rabbits were fed a 0.5% high-cholesterol(More)