Hisako Matsui-Hirai

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of ingested l-arginine, l-citrulline, and antioxidants (vitamins C and E) on the progression of atherosclerosis in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet. The fatty diet caused a marked impairment of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in isolated thoracic aorta and blood flow in rabbit ear artery in(More)
Human inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is most readily observed in macrophages from patients with inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to find out the combined effect of male sex hormone; testosterone and apocynin (NADPH oxidase inhibitor) on cytokine-induced iNOS production. THP-1 cells were differentiated into(More)
Although sarpogrelate HCl is widely used for the prevention of arterial thrombosis, its effect on atherosclerosis is unknown. Accordingly, we here investigated the effects of sarpogrelate HCl on a rabbit model of atherosclerosis. Male rabbits were fed a 0.5% cholesterol diet (HCD) (Gp 1), HCD with vitamin E (Gp 2), HCD with vitamin E and sarpogrelate (Gp(More)
In this report, we demonstrate that NADPH oxidase is activated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) plus interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in human monocytic cells (THP-1 cells) differentiated with phorbol ester (PMA) and that physiological concentration of 17beta-estradiol inhibits NADPH oxidase activity in THP-1 cells stimulated with TNF-alpha plus(More)
The elderly are prone to postprandial hyperglycemia that increases their cardiovascular risk. Although insulin therapy is necessary to treat diabetes, high plasma concentrations of insulin may cause the development of atherosclerosis and accelerate endothelial senescence. We assumed that high glucose causes stress-induced premature senescence and(More)
The effects of in vivo gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) genes on severe atherosclerosis were investigated in rabbits. The recombinant adenoviruses, Ad.eNOS and Ad.iNOS, which respectively express eNOS and iNOS, were constructed. Atherosclerosis was induced by a balloon injury followed by a high cholesterol(More)
OBJECTIVE We have reported that inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is present only in deep areas of plaque in atherosclerosis. However, the role of iNOS in the development of atherosclerosis is not well known. We therefore investigated the relevance of iNOS inhibition. METHODS AND RESULTS Seven groups of male rabbits were fed a 0.5% high-cholesterol(More)
Cellular senescence is characterized by permanent exit from the cell cycle and the appearance of distinct morphological and functional changes associated with an impairment of cellular homeostasis. Many studies support the occurrence of vascular endothelial cell senescence in vivo, and the senescent phenotype of endothelial cells can be transformed from(More)
Senescence may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Although the bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) is limited in senescence, the effect of NO on senescence and its relationship to cardiovascular risk factors have not been investigated fully. We studied these factors by investigating senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA-beta-gal) and(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of glimepiride, a third-generation sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent, on insulin resistance in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes, in connection with plasma adiponectin and 8-epi-prostagrandin F2alpha (8-epi-PGF2alpha), an oxidative stress marker. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 17 elderly patients with type 2(More)