Hisahiko Sekihara

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Agonist-induced activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is known to cause adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity. The biological role of PPAR gamma was investigated by gene targeting. Homozygous PPAR gamma-deficient embryos died at 10.5-11.5 dpc due to placental dysfunction. Quite unexpectedly, heterozygous(More)
To investigate the role of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-2 in vivo, we generated IRS-2-deficient mice by gene targeting. Although homozygous IRS-2-deficient mice (IRS-2-/- mice) had a body weight similar to wild-type mice, they progressively developed type 2 diabetes at 10 weeks. IRS-2-/- mice showed insulin resistance and a defect in the(More)
The focus of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between postural sway assessed by a gravicorder and peripheral neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. Posturography (GRAVICHART), electrophysiological tests, and power spectrum analysis of heart rate fluctuations were performed in the following age-matched subjects: 123 type 2 diabetic patients(More)
The hallmark of type 2 diabetes, the most common metabolic disorder, is a defect in insulin–stimulated glucose transport in peripheral tissues. Although a role for phosphoinositide–3–kinase (PI3K) activity in insulin–stimulated glucose transport and glucose transporter isoform 4 (Glut4) translocation has been suggested in vitro, its role in vivo and the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that the number of patients with reflux esophagitis is increasing in Japan, but the prevalence and risk factors associated with reflux esophagitis in Japanese patients are not well defined. METHODS By using all endoscopic records in the Katta General Hospital from April through to September 1999, we identified 392(More)
We previously found that a human T-cell leukemia virus type I infected T-cell line, MT-2, was susceptible to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and that cloned MT-2C cells could support HCV replication more persistently than the parental MT-2 cells. Recently we found that a non-neoplastic hepatocyte line, PH5CH, showed good susceptibility to HCV infection.(More)
We recently found that bovine lactoferrin (bLF), a milk glycoprotein belonging to the iron transporter family, prevented hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human hepatocyte PH5CH8 cells, that are susceptible to HCV infection, and demonstrated that the anti-HCV activity of bLF was due to the interaction of bLF and HCV. In this study we further(More)
The role of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase in the regulation of pancreatic beta-cell function was investigated. PI 3-kinase activity in p85 alpha regulatory subunit-deficient (p85 alpha(-/-)) islets was decreased to approximately 20% of that in wild-type controls. Insulin content and mass of rough endoplasmic reticula were decreased in beta-cells from(More)
We found that bovine lactoferrin (bLF), a milk protein belonging to the iron transporter family, effectively prevented hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in cultured human hepatocytes (PH5CH8), a cell line susceptible to HCV infection and supportive of HCV replication. Because preincubation of HCV with bLF was required to prevent the infection of HCV to the(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate ester are the most abundant circulating adrenal steroids in humans. Administration of DHEA has been reported to have beneficial effects on obesity, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and atherosclerosis in obese rodents, although its effects on insulin resistance have not been fully elucidated. In this study, the effects(More)