Hisaaki Nishio

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A total of 19,753 strains of gram-negative rods collected during two 6-month periods (October 2000 to March 2001 and November 2001 to April 2002) from 13 clinical laboratories in the Kinki region of Japan were investigated for the production of metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs). MBLs were detected in 96 (0.5%) of the 19,753 isolates by the broth microdilution(More)
The aim of this study was to research the distribution in the Kinki region of Japan of Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa that produce extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and metallo beta-lactamase (MBL). One thousand isolates, 200 of each of four enterobacterial species (i.e. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae and(More)
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases, plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamases (PABLs), and plasmid-mediated metallo-beta-lactamases confer resistance to many beta-lactams. In Japan, although several reports exist on the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and metallo-beta-lactamases, the prevalence and characteristics of PABLs remain unknown. To(More)
Ralstonia mannitolilytica, a Gram-negative aerobic bacterium, is an opportunistic human pathogen that is becoming more common in cases of nosocomial infections. We report for the first time the whole-genome sequence analysis of R. mannitolilytica strain MRY14-0246, which carries the intrinsic OXA-443/OXA-22-like and OXA-444/OXA-60-like β-lactamase genes and(More)
In the present study, nonduplicate, clinical isolates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, and Proteus mirabilis were collected during a 10-year period from 2000 to 2009 at several hospitals in the Kinki region, Japan. The detection rate of E coli markedly increased from 0.24% to 7.25%. The detection rate of(More)
With the increase in extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in the community, cases are often seen in which treatment of infectious diseases with oral antimicrobial agents is difficult. Therefore, we measured the antimicrobial activities of 14 currently available oral antimicrobial agents against ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and(More)
We report a case of fungemia caused by Scedosporium prolificans, an emerging pathogen. An 83-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and agranulocytosis was admitted for pneumonia in January 2009. He was treated with meropenem, minocycline, and gamma-globulin for pneumonia and G-CSF and platelet transfusion for MDS. Although he recovered from(More)
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria are known to be resistant to penicillins, cephalosporins, and monobactams because of their substrate specificity, and these bacteria are sensitive only to a narrow range of antimicrobial agents. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of carbapenems and the new quinolones against(More)
We have determined the DNA sequence of Klebsiella pneumoniae multidrug resistance plasmid pKPI-6, which is a self-transmissible IncN-type plasmid. pKPI-6 harboring blaIMP-6 and blaCTX-M-2 confers a stealth-type carbapenem resistance phenotype on members of the family Enterobacteriaceae that is not detectable with imipenem. pKPI-6 is already epidemic in(More)
We studied the antimicrobial susceptibility of AmpC beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolates collected at ten medical institutions in the Kinki area of Japan during a 6-month period (November 2002 through April 2003). Of 2845 E. coli isolates tested, 29 (1.0%) showed a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for cefazolin of more than 8 microg/ml(More)