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Gender differences influence upper airway anatomy and physiology. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the influence of gender as well as anthropometric measures on severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A retrospective review of patients referred to our sleep laboratory for evaluation of OSA was done. Patients with a diagnosis of OSA (Respiratory(More)
In this paper, we investigate the application of a reduced-order observer for state estimation of freeway traffic flow described by the so-called Switching Mode Model (SMM). SMM is derived from the Cell Transmission Model and then applied to the reconstruction of the traffic density, considered as state variable. As the SMM is a hybrid system which switches(More)
In this paper, we present a new algorithm to deal with the real-time dynamic traffic routing (DTR) problem using a second order traffic flow model (METANET). We investigate variable structure control (VSC) as a high-speed switched feedback control resulting in sliding mode. The control objective is to minimize the difference of the travel times on alternate(More)
In this paper, a new distributed model predictive control (MPC) scheme for freeway traffic control is proposed. It is aimed at reducing the communication efforts and the computation times in a large network. This new algorithm can coordinate a large number of on-ramps throughout a freeway network in a partially cooperative scheme. The communication is(More)
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