Hiroyuki Yoshimoto

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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase, calcineurin, is activated by specific environmental conditions, including exposure to Ca(2+) and Na(+), and induces gene expression by regulating the Crz1p/Tcn1p transcription factor. We used DNA microarrays to perform a comprehensive analysis of calcineurin/Crz1p-dependent(More)
It is thought that the FLO8 gene encodes a transcriptional activator of the dominant flocculation gene FLO1 in Saccharomycescerevisiae. To determine other genes which are regulated by FLO8, a detailed comparison of the transcripts from the FLO8 and Δflo8 strains was carried out. In addition to the FLO1 gene, it was found that transcription of the FLO11 and(More)
Sulfite plays an important role in beer flavor stability. Although breeding of bottom-fermenting Saccharomyces strains that produce high levels of SO(2) is desirable, it is complicated by the fact that undesirable H(2)S is produced as an intermediate in the same pathway. Here, we report the development of a high-level SO(2)-producing bottom-fermenting yeast(More)
Acetate ester synthesis was studied in vitro with the ethyl acetate-producing yeast Candida utilis. The level of enzyme activity observed for the NAD+-dependent hemiacetal dehydrogenase acting on hemiacetal, which was produced non-enzymatically from an alcohol and an aldehyde, was much greater than that for the other enzyme involved in ester synthesis,(More)
The reduction of acetate ester synthesis by aeration and the addition of unsaturated fatty acids to the medium has been reported to be the result of the reduction in alcohol acetyltransferase (AATase) activity induced by inhibition of this enzyme. However, regulation of the AATase gene ATF1 has not been reported. In this study, ATF1 gene expression was(More)
Activation of signals for insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) is thought to be closely linked to abnormal cell proliferation and differentiation in various diseases. The keloid in which fibroblasts invade beyond the margins of the original wound, is a dermal fibroproliferative tissue of unknown etiology. Clinically, keloids are most commonly(More)
The nucleotide sequences of alcohol acetyltransferase genes isolated from lager brewing yeast, Saccharomyces carlsbergensis have been determined. S. carlsbergensis has one ATF1 gene and another homologous gene, the Lg-ATF1 gene. There was a high degree of homology between the amino acid sequences deduced for the ATF1 protein and the Lg-ATF1 protein (75.7%),(More)
During the 5-year period from 1980 to 1984, the incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage due only to rupture of aneurysms was investigated in Izumo City, a small city with a population of 79,026. Additionally, to ascertain the relation of incidence to the size of the geographic area and/or population, a similar analysis was made on a larger area of Shimane(More)
The bottom fermenting yeasts in our collection were classified as Saccharomyces pastorianus on the basis of their DNA relatedness. The genomic organization of bottom fermenting yeast was analysed by Southern hybridization using eleven genes on chromosome IV, six genes on chromosome II and five genes on chromosome XV of S. cerevisiae as probes. Gene probes(More)
The ATF1 gene encodes an alcohol acetyl transferase which catalyzes the synthesis of acetate esters from acetyl CoA and several kinds of alcohols. ATF1 expression is repressed by unsaturated fatty acids or oxygen. Analysis using ATF1-lacZ fusion plasmid revealed that ATF1 gene expression is widely repressed by a variety of unsaturated fatty acids, and the(More)