Hiroyuki Yoshida

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We have developed a three-dimensional (3-D) computer-aided diagnosis scheme for automated detection of colonic polyps in computed tomography (CT) colonographic data sets, and assessed its performance based on colonoscopy as the gold standard. In this scheme, a thick region encompassing the entire colonic wall is extracted from an isotropic volume(More)
The purpose of this study was to apply a novel method of multiscale echo texture analysis for distinguishing benign (hemangiomas) from malignant (hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and metastases) focal liver lesions in B-mode ultrasound images. In this method, regions of interest (ROIs) extracted from within the lesions were decomposed into subimages by(More)
PURPOSE To develop a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme for automated detection of colonic polyps on the basis of volumetric features and to assess its accuracy on the basis of colonoscopy, the standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Computed tomographic (CT) colonography was performed in patients with use of standard bowel cleansing, air insufflation, and(More)
Homeobox genes encode transcription factors that control cell differentiation and play essential roles in developmental patterning. Increasing evidence indicates that many homeobox genes are aberrantly expressed in cancers, and that their deregulation significantly contributes to tumor progression. The homeobox gene HOXA10 controls uterine organogenesis(More)
We evaluated the effect of our novel technique of feature-guided analysis of polyps on the reduction of false-positive (FP) findings generated by our computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme for the detection of polyps from computed tomography colonographic data sets. The detection performance obtained by use of feature-guided analysis in the segmentation and(More)
Although epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) have been thought to arise from the simple epithelium lining the ovarian surface or inclusion cysts, the major subtypes of EOCs show morphologic features that resemble those of the müllerian duct-derived epithelia of the reproductive tract. We found that HOX genes, which normally regulate mullerian duct(More)
The role of MRI in assessing facet joint osteoarthritis is unclear. By developing a grading system for severity of facet joint osteoarthritis on MRI, the relationship between disc degeneration and facet joint osteoarthritis was determined. The accuracy of MRI in assessing facet joint osteoarthritis against CT was 94%. Under 40 years of age, the degree of(More)
PURPOSE To develop a three-dimensional (3D) segmentation and computerized volumetry technique for use in the assessment of neurofibromatosis and to assess the ability of this technique to aid in the calculation of tumor burden in patients with neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2 (NF1 and NF2, respectively) and schwannomatosis detected with whole-body magnetic(More)
Colon cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths in the United States. However, most colon cancers can be prevented if precursor colonic polyps are detected and removed. An advanced computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme was developed for the automated detection of polyps at computed tomographic (CT) colonography. A region encompassing the colonic(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To achieve high performance in computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) of polyps with computed tomographic (CT) colonography, the authors (a) developed new gradient concentration and directional gradient concentration (DGC) features for differentiating between the true-positive and false-positive (FP) findings generated by the authors'(More)