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Numerous human syndromes are the result of abnormal cranial neural crest development. One group of such defects, referred to as CATCH-22 (cardiac defects, abnormal facies, thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate, hypocalcemia, associated with chromosome 22 microdeletion) syndrome, exhibit craniofacial and cardiac defects resulting from abnormal development of the(More)
We have discovered an unusual homeodomain protein, called HOP, which is comprised simply of a homeodomain. HOP is highly expressed in the developing heart where its expression is dependent on the cardiac-restricted homeodomain protein Nkx2.5. HOP does not bind DNA and acts as an antagonist of serum response factor (SRF), which regulates the opposing(More)
During pregnancy, progesterone inhibits the growth-promoting actions of estrogen in the uterus. However, the mechanism for this is not clear. The attenuation of estrogen-mediated proliferation of the uterine epithelium by progesterone is a prerequisite for successful implantation. Our study reveals that progesterone-induced expression of the basic(More)
BACKGROUND Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3R1, 2, and 3) are intracellular Ca2+ release channels that regulate various vital processes. Although the ryanodine receptor type 2, another type of intracellular Ca2+ release channel, has been shown to play a role in embryonic cardiomyocytes, the functions of the IP3Rs in cardiogenesis remain unclear.(More)
Haploinsufficiency of Tbx1 is likely a major determinant of cardiac and craniofacial birth defects associated with DiGeorge syndrome. Although mice deficient in Tbx1 exhibit pharyngeal and aortic arch defects, the developmental program and mechanisms through which Tbx1 functions are relatively unknown. We identified a single cis-element upstream of Tbx1(More)
We have purified extrachromosomal circular DNAs from adult mouse spleen cells, and cloned into a phage vector the BamHl fragments hybridizing with C mu and S gamma 1 probes. We obtained 52 S mu+S gamma 1+ clones by screening 1.4 million phage clones derived from spleen cells stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide and interleukin 4. We have identified(More)
The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) encompasses DiGeorge syndrome, velo-cardio-facial syndrome and conotruncal anomaly face syndrome and is due to a microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2. This is the most frequent known interstitial deletion found in human with an incidence of 1 in 4,000 live births. A large number of clinical findings have been reported(More)
BACKGROUND Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a group of disorders marked by the sustained overproduction of eosinophils, in which eosinophilic infiltration and inflammatory substance release cause damage to multiple organs. Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is an inflammatory disorder caused by eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Although EC is often(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) represents a common final pathway leading to heart failure. We have searched for genetic determinants of left ventricular (LV) mass using values for absolute electrocardiographic QRS voltage in a healthy Japanese population. After adjusting for covariates, the corrected S and R wave voltages in leads V1 and V5 from 2,994(More)
The aortic arch and major branch arteries are formed from the three pairs of pharyngeal arch arteries (PAAs) during embryonic development. Their morphological defects are clinically observed as isolated diseases, as a part of complicated cardiovascular anomalies or as a manifestation of multi-organ syndromes such as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Although(More)