Learn More
The mammalian clock genes, Period and Cryptochrome (Cry), regulate circadian rhythm. We show that circadian rhythmicity and rhythmic expression of Period in the nuclei of inflammatory synovial cells and spleen cells are disturbed in mouse models of experimental arthritis. Expressions of other clock genes, Bmal1 and Dbp, are also disturbed in spleen cells by(More)
Muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) is critical for the synaptic clustering of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and plays multiple roles in the organization and maintenance of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). MuSK is activated by agrin, which is released from motoneurons, and induces AChR clustering at the postsynaptic membrane. Although autoantibodies(More)
BACKGROUND The role of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 3 and HER4 has been elucidated in gastric cancer. HER1 and HER2 overexpression are regarded as prognostic factors and targets of treatment. The dimerization of the HER family receptors activates downstream signal pathways and promotes tumor progression. This study investigated the positive(More)
The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) has raised public health concern about global control of TB. To estimate the transmission dynamics of MDR and XDR TB, we conducted a DNA fingerprinting analysis of 55 MDR/XDR Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from TB patients throughout(More)
BACKGROUND Increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROSs) by angiotensin II (Ang II) is involved in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular diseases. NADPH oxidase is a major source of superoxide generated in vascular tissues. Although Nox1 has been identified in vascular smooth muscle cells as a new homolog of gp91phox (Nox2), a catalytic(More)
BACKGROUND It remains uncertain whether obesity is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease in young adults, as well as adults, in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, 1,260 cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 3,775 community controls were recruited from the AMI-Kyoto Multi-Center Risk Study and Kyoto Citizen's Health(More)
We investigated whether the mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) by exogenous erythropoietin (Epo) promotes the repair of injured endothelium. Recombinant human Epo was injected (1000 IU/kg for the initial 3 days) after wire injury of the femoral artery of mice. Neointimal formation was inhibited by Epo to 48% of the control (P<0.05) in an(More)
Synchronous oscillations of thousands of cellular clocks in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the circadian centre, are coordinated by precisely timed cell-cell communication, the principle of which is largely unknown. Here we show that the amount of RGS16 (regulator of G protein signalling 16), a protein known to inactivate Gαi, increases at a selective(More)
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and thymidylate synthase (TS) gene expressions in metastatic colorectal cancer have been reported to be predictive parameters for the efficacy of fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the association between both DPD and TS expressions in primary colorectal tumor and the antitumor effect in(More)
We report a case of gastric remnant carcinoma (GRC) that was successfully treated by laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy. A 69-year-old man was referred to our department for management of GRC. Preoperative investigations revealed a slightly elevated tumor, 5.0 cm in maximal diameter, confined to the gastric mucosa. Computed tomography and endoscopic(More)