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The mammalian clock genes, Period and Cryptochrome (Cry), regulate circadian rhythm. We show that circadian rhythmicity and rhythmic expression of Period in the nuclei of inflammatory synovial cells and spleen cells are disturbed in mouse models of experimental arthritis. Expressions of other clock genes, Bmal1 and Dbp, are also disturbed in spleen cells by(More)
Muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) is critical for the synaptic clustering of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and plays multiple roles in the organization and maintenance of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). MuSK is activated by agrin, which is released from motoneurons, and induces AChR clustering at the postsynaptic membrane. Although autoantibodies(More)
BACKGROUND The role of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 3 and HER4 has been elucidated in gastric cancer. HER1 and HER2 overexpression are regarded as prognostic factors and targets of treatment. The dimerization of the HER family receptors activates downstream signal pathways and promotes tumor progression. This study investigated the positive(More)
BACKGROUND Increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROSs) by angiotensin II (Ang II) is involved in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular diseases. NADPH oxidase is a major source of superoxide generated in vascular tissues. Although Nox1 has been identified in vascular smooth muscle cells as a new homolog of gp91phox (Nox2), a catalytic(More)
Synchronous oscillations of thousands of cellular clocks in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the circadian centre, are coordinated by precisely timed cell-cell communication, the principle of which is largely unknown. Here we show that the amount of RGS16 (regulator of G protein signalling 16), a protein known to inactivate Gαi, increases at a selective(More)
BACKGROUND With the changing age distribution, the number of elderly patients with gastric cancer is anticipated to increase. This study evaluated the morbidity and mortality of laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) in patients older than 80. METHODS AND METHODS A total of 74 patients who underwent LAG for gastric cancer were assigned to two groups: an(More)
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and thymidylate synthase (TS) gene expressions in metastatic colorectal cancer have been reported to be predictive parameters for the efficacy of fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the association between both DPD and TS expressions in primary colorectal tumor and the antitumor effect in(More)
This study examined the effect of ONO-5334, a cathepsin K inhibitor, on bone turnover, mineral density (BMD), mechanical strength and microstructure in ovariectomized (OVX) cynomolgus monkeys. Vehicle, ONO-5334 (3, 10 or 30 mg/kg) or alendronate (0.5 mg/kg) was orally administered for eight months to sham- and OVX-operated monkeys. ONO-5334 dose-dependently(More)
Memristors are continuously tunable resistors that emulate biological synapses. Conceptualized in the 1970s, they traditionally operate by voltage-induced displacements of matter, although the details of the mechanism remain under debate. Purely electronic memristors based on well-established physical phenomena with albeit modest resistance changes have(More)
The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) has raised public health concern about global control of TB. To estimate the transmission dynamics of MDR and XDR TB, we conducted a DNA fingerprinting analysis of 55 MDR/XDR Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from TB patients throughout(More)