Hiroyuki Uetake

Learn More
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a class of small (21-23 nucleotides) noncoding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional gene regulators. It is becoming increasingly clear that altered miRNA expression correlates with the pathogenesis of cancers. The purpose of this study was to determine the up-regulated miRNAs in human colorectal cancer. Total RNA was(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypotheses of whether the relative mRNA expression of the thymidylate synthase (TS) gene and the excision cross-complementing (ERCC1) gene are associated with response to and survival of fluorouracil (5-FU)/oxaliplatin chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients had progressive stage IV disease after(More)
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and thymidylate synthase (TS) gene expressions in metastatic colorectal cancer have been reported to be predictive parameters for the efficacy of fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the association between both DPD and TS expressions in primary colorectal tumor and the antitumor effect in(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to identify a novel biomarker or a target of treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression profiles of cancer cells in 104 patients with CRC were examined using laser microdissection and oligonucleotide microarray analysis. Overexpression in CRC cells, especially in patients with distant metastases, was(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with asymptomatic colorectal cancer with irresectable metastatic disease, the optimal treatment strategy remains controversial. Resection of the primary tumor followed by chemotherapy when possible versus systemic chemotherapy followed by resection of the primary tumor when necessary are compared in this systematic review. PATIENTS(More)
The PI3K-AKT pathway is activated in a variety of human cancers, resulting in disturbance of cell growth, proliferation and survival. Among the factors affecting the pathway, the K-Ras mutation and PIK3CA mutation are the most common oncogenic alterations in colorectal cancer. We hypothesized that these two mutations are important in activation of the PI3K(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce the incidence and mortality of colorectal carcinoma. Their chemopreventive effects appear to be due to inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. Here, we have studied the relationship between the COX-2 mRNA levels and pathological characteristics in 43 primary colorectal carcinomas. COX-2 levels were significantly(More)
Distant metastasis is the major cause of death in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. To identify genes influencing the prognosis of patients with CRC, we compared gene expression in primary tumors with and without distant metastasis using an oligonucleotide microarray. We also examined the expression of the candidate gene in 100 CRC patients by quantitative(More)
Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The identification of molecular genetic parameters that are associated with response to chemotherapy and prognosis is of utmost interest. We examined methylation of the apoptosis-related genes, TMS1 and DAPK, in 81 primary gastric cancers using methylation-specific PCR and compared(More)
We identified a novel prognostic biomarker for the distant metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) using comprehensive combined copy number and gene expression analyses. Expression of mRNA in CRC tissue was profiled in 115 patients using an Affymetrix Gene Chip, and copy number profiles were generated for 122 patients using an Affymetrix 250K Sty array. Genes(More)