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PURPOSE To test the hypotheses of whether the relative mRNA expression of the thymidylate synthase (TS) gene and the excision cross-complementing (ERCC1) gene are associated with response to and survival of fluorouracil (5-FU)/oxaliplatin chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients had progressive stage IV disease after(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a class of small (21-23 nucleotides) noncoding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional gene regulators. It is becoming increasingly clear that altered miRNA expression correlates with the pathogenesis of cancers. The purpose of this study was to determine the up-regulated miRNAs in human colorectal cancer. Total RNA was(More)
BACKGROUND Lactate-dehydrogenase-5 (LDH-5) is an important isoenzyme converting pyruvate to lactate under hypoxic conditions and might play an important role in the development and progression of malignancies. However, the role of LDH-5 in gastric cancer is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the clinical significance of LDH-5 expression in(More)
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and thymidylate synthase (TS) gene expressions in metastatic colorectal cancer have been reported to be predictive parameters for the efficacy of fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the association between both DPD and TS expressions in primary colorectal tumor and the antitumor effect in(More)
BACKGROUND COX-2 is involved in tumor angiogenesis and modulation of the production of angiogenetic factors by colorectal carcinoma cells. It has been shown that COX-2 inhibitors have inhibitory activities against various types of tumor, including colorectal carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the tumor vessels of small metastatic liver tumors in rats(More)
Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The identification of molecular genetic parameters that are associated with response to chemotherapy and prognosis is of utmost interest. We examined methylation of the apoptosis-related genes, TMS1 and DAPK, in 81 primary gastric cancers using methylation-specific PCR and compared(More)
PURPOSE The high mobility group A2 (HMGA2) nonhistone chromosomal protein can modulate transcription by altering chromatin architecture. HMGA2 is highly expressed during embryogenesis and in various benign and malignant tumors. Recent studies report that HMGA2 is negatively regulated by the let-7 microRNA (miRNA) family. However, no studies have examined(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to validate an easy to use practical classification of peritoneal metastasis arising from colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from 2,134 consecutive patients who underwent resection for colorectal cancer at a single institution were reviewed. Peritoneal metastasis was classified depending on extent into three groups(More)
PURPOSE Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a target enzyme of 5-fluorouracil. Recently, the TS gene has been shown to contain a polymorphic tandem repeat sequence. The aim of this study was to determine whether differences in the number of tandem repeats could affect gene expression or mRNA translation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We quantified TS mRNA isolated from(More)
Activation of 5-fluorouracil into its nucleotides requires phosphorylation by three pathways involving orotate phosphoribosyl-transferase (OPRT), uridine phosphorylase (UP), or thymidine phosphorylase (TP). In this study, we investigated the association between gene expressions of these three enzymes and antitumour effect. Gene expressions in primary(More)