Hiroyuki Uchida

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BACKGROUND Adherence has recently been suggested to be divided into these two components: persistence (i.e., whether patients continue treatment or not) and compliance (i.e., whether patients take doses as instructed). However, no study has yet assessed these two clinically relevant components at the same time in adherence to antidepressant treatment in the(More)
Stem-like cells in tumors are capable of self-renewal and pluri-differentiation; they are thought to play important roles in tumor initiation and maintenance. Stem-like cells in malignant glioma express CD133. We examined samples from human pituitary adenoma, a generally benign neoplasm, for CD133 expression using routine immunohistochemical and biochemical(More)
In order to establish an efficient process to decompose environmentally toxic aldehydes, dioxygen-dependent aldehyde oxidase (ALOD) from microorganisms was first sought, and some bacteria and actinomycetes were found to produce the enzyme in their cells. Methylobacillus sp., Pseudomonas sp. and Streptomyces moderates were selected as the representative(More)
Because suicide is increasingly becoming a public health threat in Japan, it is necessary to identify high-risk groups to develop effective preventive measures. The suicide mortality trends from 1985 to 2006 for Japanese aged between 15 and 79 years were analyzed by a Bayesian age-period-cohort analysis to evaluate the independent effects of age, period,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of Hatha yoga therapy on resilience, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, and salivary alpha amylase (SAA) activity in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS Single-blinded, randomized controlled study in which outpatients with schizophrenia or related psychotic disorders(More)
Measuring dopamine D₂ receptor occupancy levels using positron emission tomography (PET) is still widely unavailable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of predicting D2 occupancy from the antipsychotic plasma level in patients with schizophrenia. Positron emission tomographic studies that measured plasma levels of antipsychotics and(More)
We investigated the effect of the anti-rheumatic drug methotrexate (MTX) on Th1 and Th2 immune responses in mice. For this investigation, mice were immunized subcutaneously at the base of the tail with ovalbumin (OVA) emulsified with complete Freund's adjuvant (day 0). Varying doses of MTX were orally administered daily from days 0 to 20. On day 21,(More)
Antipsychotic polypharmacy remains prevalent; it has probably increased for the treatment of schizophrenia in real-world clinical settings. The current evidence suggests some clinical benefits of antipsychotic polypharmacy, such as better symptom control with clozapine plus another antipsychotic, and a reversal of metabolic side-effects with a concomitant(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is well known as a disease characterized by degeneration of cholinergic neuronal activity in the brain. It follows that patients with AD would be sensitive to an 'anticholinergic burden', and also that medicine with anticholinergic properties would promote various clinical symptoms of AD. Despite the relevance of this important(More)
BACKGROUND Antipsychotic-induced metabolic adversities are often difficult to manage. Using concomitant medications to counteract these adversities may be a rational option. OBJECTIVE To systematically determine the effectiveness of medications to counteract antipsychotic-induced metabolic adversities in patients with schizophrenia. DATA SOURCES(More)