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OBJECTIVE Excess iron deposition in tissues leads to increased oxidative stress. The clinical observation that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is frequently associated with hepatic iron overload (HIO) indicates that iron-induced oxidative stress may be related to NAFLD pathology. Decreased expression of hepcidin, a hepatic hormone that suppresses(More)
The formulation of a mathematical theory of a cell population requires the ability to specify quantitatively the physiological state of individual cells of the population. In procaryotic cells (bacteria and blue-green algae), the intracellular structure is of a relatively simple nature, and it is postulated that the physiological state of such a cell is(More)
Many dramatic alterations in various cellular processes during the cell cycle are known to involve ion channels. In ascidian embryos and Caenorhabditis elegans oocytes, for example, the activity of inwardly rectifying Cl(-) channels is enhanced during the M phase of the cell cycle, but the mechanism underlying this change remains to be established. We show(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Surgical site infection (SSI) associated with instruments remains a serious and common complication in patients who undergo total en bloc spondylectomy (TES). It is very important that the risk factors for SSI are known to prevent it. PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to identify independent risk factors for SSI after TES and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Metastasectomy of spinal lesions from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a promising strategy. However, its clinical outcome after spinal metastasectomy is unknown owing to the difficulty of curative surgical resection. This is the first study to examine the survival rates of patients who underwent metastasectomy of solitary spinal(More)
We have established stable, bright green fluorescent protein (GFP)- or red fluorescent protein (RFP)-expressing HT-1080 human fibrosarcoma clones. These cell lines showed similar cell proliferation rates and high-frequency experimental lung metastasis. The HT-1080-GFP and -RFP clones enable simultaneous real-time dual-color imaging in the live animal.(More)
Cancer metastasis is the life-threatening aspect of cancer and is usually resistant to standard treatment. We report here a targeted therapy strategy for cancer metastasis using a genetically-modified strain of Salmonella typhimurium. The genetically-modified strain of S. typhimurium is auxotrophic for the amino acids arginine and leucine. These mutations(More)
We describe a method of reconstruction using tumour-bearing autograft treated by liquid nitrogen in 28 patients. The operative technique consisted of en bloc excision of the tumour, removal of soft tissue, curettage of the tumour, drilling and preparation for internal fixation or prosthetic replacement before incubation for 20 minutes in liquid nitrogen,(More)
The mechanism of cancer cell deformation and migration in narrow vessels is incompletely understood. In order to visualize the cytoplasmic and nuclear dynamics of cells migrating in capillaries, red fluorescent protein was expressed in the cytoplasm, and green fluorescent protein, linked to histone H2B, was expressed in the nucleus of cancer cells.(More)
We report here a new targeting strategy for primary bone tumor and lung metastasis with a modified auxotrophic strain of Salmonella typhimurium. We have previously developed the genetically-modified strain of S. typhimurium, selected for tumor targeting and therapy in vivo. Normal tissue is cleared of these bacteria even in immunodeficient athymic mice with(More)