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In this paper, a new discourse structure model is proposed, and based on the model, we report the results of an analysis on Japanese-language dialogues over the telephone. As a result, a method for describing and analyzing the structure of spontaneous spoken dialogue is provided, and some characteristics of spontaneous spoken dialogue over the telephone(More)
BACKGROUND Lumbar spondylolysis is a defect in the pars interarticularis that is common in young athletes; the stress distribution at the pars interarticularis is the highest in extension and rotation movements. The paraspinal muscles play an important role in stabilization of the lumbar spine; however, no study has assessed the properties of paraspinal(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Previous studies reported that the erector spinae muscle is more resistant to fatigue in healthy adult women than in men. However, no study has reported changes in back muscle fatigue with aging in healthy men and women. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate age-related changes in muscle fatigue of erector spinae muscle in men(More)
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