Hiroyuki Tokuno

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Isoprenaline is a beta-adrenergic agonist of clinical importance as a remedy for asthma. In airway smooth muscle its relaxant action is accompanied by hyperpolarization of the membrane and elevation of the level of intracellular cyclic AMP. Hyperpolarization and relaxation are also induced by drugs such as forskolin, theophylline and dibutyryl cAMP,(More)
1. The effects of intracellular pH (pHi) on calcium-activated potassium channels (Ca2(+)-activated K+ channels) were studied in membrane patches of smooth muscle freshly dispersed from the rabbit trachea. Single-channel currents were recorded with an 'inside-out' patch clamp technique, mainly at 0 mV, with the external (electrode) medium containing 130(More)
In smooth muscle cells freshly dispersed from the rabbit portal vein, effects of intracellular pH (pHi) on Ca2+ channel currents were studied with the whole-cell clamp method using nystatin in the pipette. pHi was modified with ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) and propionate. Changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and pHi were also measured with the(More)
In muscle strips isolated from guinea-pig and rat urinary bladder, propiverine (3–10 μM) inhibited carbachol-induced contractions in the presence of verapamil and Ca2+-induced contractions in excess K+ medium containing atropine, suggesting it has both anticholinergic and Ca2+ channel blocking actions. The Ca2+ channel blocking action was also demonstrated(More)
In freshly dispersed rat parotid acinar cells, 10 μM carbachol increased outward currents at 0 mV and also inward currents at −70 mV recorded with the whole-cell clamp method using patch pipettes containing 1 mM EGTA. When EGTA in the pipette was increased to 2.4 mM, carbachol increased only outward currents and a further increase of EGTA to 4 mM blocked(More)
At the boundary between the proximal and distal divisions of the colon in the guinea-pig is a ring-like section which rhythmically contracts. HUKUHARA and his co-researchers demonstrated that antiperistaltic movements in the proximal colon start from this ring-like section, the so-called pacemaker area. Tissue specimens, 0.1-0.3 mm in width/height x 4-7 mm(More)
We have studied whether Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) is involved in the mechanism of long-term potentiation (LTP) at nicotinic synapses of bullfrog sympathetic ganglia. Fast excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fast EPSPs) were recorded in a low-Ca(2+), high-Mg(2+) solution and quantal analysis was applied. The conditioning stimulation of the B-type(More)
The effects of removal and readmission of substrates on the K contracture were investigated in the guinea-pig taenia coli. When, after exposure to excess K in Ca-free and glucose-free medium, the readmission and removal of 2.4 mM-Ca were repeated at regular intervals, the Ca-induced contractions decreased progressively. The decrease was more marked in the(More)
The inner sublayer (P-layer) of the circular muscle coat in the canine proximal colon has been known to produce spontaneous mechanical contractions associated with characteristic electrical activities called slow waves. We recorded the mechanical activities of tissue preparations from this P-layer. Normal Krebs solution (K+; 6 mM) was used as the perfusate.(More)