9Yukihiro Shoyama
7Masaya Tohyama
7Tsuyoshi Murase
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High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear factor that is released extracellularly as a late mediator of lethality in sepsis as well as after necrotic, but not apoptotic, death. Here we demonstrate that in contrast to the delayed role of HMGB1 in the systemic inflammation of sepsis, HMGB1 acts as an early mediator of inflammation and organ damage in(More)
21 Cip1/WAF1 has cell cycle inhibitory activity by binding to and inhibiting both cyclin/Cdk kinases and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Here we show that p21 Cip1/WAF1 is induced in the cytoplasm during the course of differentiation of chick retinal precursor cells and N1E-115 cells. Ectopic expression of p21 Cip1/WAF1 lacking the nuclear localization(More)
HuD is an RNA-binding protein that has been shown to induce neuronal differentiation by stabilizing labile mRNAs carrying AU-rich instability elements. Here, we show a novel mechanism of arginine methylation of HuD by coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) that affected mRNA turnover of p21cip1/waf1 mRNA in PC12 cells. CARM1(More)
Phellinus linteus, a mushroom, contains constituents that exhibit potent antitumor effects through activating immune cells. Recently, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties of P. linteus extracts have also been implicated. In the present study, therefore, we separated the constituents of mycelium of P. linteus into five fractions-chloroform-soluble(More)
The mature peripheral nervous system has the ability to survive and to regenerate its axons following axonal injury. After nerve injury, the distal axonal and myelin segment undergoes dissolution and absorption by the surrounding cellular environment, a process called Wallerian degeneration. Using cDNA microarrays, we isolated FLRT3 as one of the(More)
Nerve injury brings about axonal disconnection, and thus axonal extension is one of the important steps for nerve regeneration. Expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) is increased at the early stage of nervous system injury, and previously IL-1beta has been reported to promote neurite outgrowth by inhibiting RhoA activity(More)
Methylcobalamin (MeCbl), a vitamin B12 analog, promotes neurite outgrowth by activating Akt in neurons. However, Akt is involved in many cellular functions, and the downstream signal of Akt that promotes neurite outgrowth in neurons in the presence of MeCbl remains obscure. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that(More)