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Casomokinin L (Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Pro-Leu), a derivative of beta-casomorphin and casoxin D, showed endothelium-dependent vasorelaxing activity on the canine mesenteric artery (EC50 = 7 x 10(-8) M). This relaxing activity was partly blocked by 10(-5) M NAME (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), and the inhibition by NAME was restored by addition of 10(-4) M(More)
Oxidative stress and inflammation play a role in cognitive impairment, which is a core symptom of schizophrenia. Furthermore, a hallmark of the pathophysiology of this disease is the dysfunction of cortical inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurons expressing parvalbumin (PV), which is also involved in cognitive impairment. Sulforaphane (SFN), an(More)
Rhesus-associated glycoprotein is a critical co-factor in the expression of rhesus blood group antigens. We identified and cloned an erythroid-specific major DNase I-hypersensitive site located about 10 kilobases upstream from the translation start site of the RHAG gene. A short core enhancer sequence of 195 base pairs that corresponded with the major(More)
Consumption of food while drinking alcohol has been suggested to play important roles in alleviating the physiological and pharmacological influences of alcohol. Vegetables are believed to provide health benefits, but there is little evidence for their influence on the effects of alcohol consumption. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of a(More)
Casoxin C (Tyr-Ile-Pro-Ile-Gln-Tyr-Val-Leu-Ser-Arg) is a bioactive peptide that was isolated from a tryptic digest of bovine kappa-casein as an anti-opioid peptide in longitudinal strips of guinea pig ileum. Casoxin C also evokes contraction of the ileal strips, and we found that this process was biphasic with rapid and slow components. The contractile(More)
The transcription factor Keap1-Nrf2 system plays a key role in inflammation which is involved in depression. We found lower expression of Keap1 and Nrf2 proteins in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), CA3 and dentate gyrus (DG) of hippocampus in mice with depression-like phenotype compared to control mice. Serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in Nrf2(More)
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