Hiroyuki Shigemori

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The reproducibility of echo-Doppler measurements of portal vein and superior mesenteric artery blood flow has not been extensively studied. In the present study, two groups of subjects were examined to test inter- and intra-observer reproducibility. Each study population consisted of 15 nonportal hypertensive and 15 portal hypertensive subjects. With a(More)
PURPOSE To compare hepatic artery hemodynamic response to altered portal blood flow in normal and cirrhotic livers. MATERIALS AND METHODS The portal blood flow and hepatic artery pulsatility index were measured by means of duplex ultrasound before and after subjects (eight control subjects and 10 cirrhotic patients) ingested a 500-kcal mixed-liquid meal(More)
Although congestive gastric mucosal circulation has been suggested in patients with portal-hypertensive gastropathy, whether it is due to "active" (overflow) or "passive" (stasis) congestion is not known. To answer this question, we assessed regional gastric mucosal blood flow with laser Doppler flowmetry in 57 patients with portal hypertension and 30(More)
Portal hemodynamics and transhepatic portal venographic findings were studied before and after prophylactic sclerotherapy (mean duration = 40 +/- 14 days) in 16 patients with high-risk esophageal varices. Portal pressure, evaluated by the portal venous pressure gradient, increased by a mean of 21% in eight patients (50%) and decreased by a mean of 20% in(More)
We performed prophylactic sclerotherapy in 350 patients with 'high risk' oesophageal varices (F2 or F3 with a moderate or severe red colour sign). Of these patients, eight exhibited sclerotherapy resistance (i.e. no significant reduction in the size of varices after five sessions of sclerotherapy). Thus, the prevalence of sclerotherapy resistant varices was(More)
We studied portosystemic hemodynamic responsiveness after 1 min orthostasis in nine patients with cirrhosis and nine age-matched normal subjects. Orthostasis increased diastolic arterial pressure, which is a close indicator of arterial tone, in normal subjects (+17%,P<0.01). In contrast, no significant change in diastolic arterial pressure was observed in(More)
We have evaluated gastric mucus generation (study 1) and the effects of tetraprenylacetone on gastric mucus generation (study 2) in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension. Study 1: Included were 50 noncirrhotics (group A), 25 cirrhotics without portal hypertension (group B), and 25 cirrhotics with portal hypertension (group C). The antrum, corpus, and(More)
To assess the significance of McCormack's gastric mucosal signs for diagnosing portal hypertension, 100 controls and 100 patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension underwent endoscopy. Each endoscopic recording was reviewed by multiple blinded observers to reduce bias. Individual signs more frequently observed in patients with cirrhosis and portal(More)
Hepatic venous catheterization is widely used to assess portal pressure. However, it remains unclear whether wedged hepatic venous pressure is a close indicator of portal venous pressure during vasoactive drug administration in nonalcoholic cirrhosis. To address this issue, we analyzed the data from our previous published studies. Forty patients with(More)
The effects of vasopressin plus oxygen and vasopressin alone on gastric mucosal perfusion and oxygenation were studied using reflectance spectrophotometry and laser Doppler velocimetry in 23 cirrhotic patients with portal-hypertensive gastropathy. The measurements were performed under basal conditions and after double-blinded administration of placebo (n =(More)