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The mechanism of ATP-induced long-term potentiation was studied pharmacologically using guinea-pig hippocampal slices. Application of 1-10 microM ATP for 10 min transiently depressed and then slowly augmented the synaptic transmission in CA1 neurons leading to long-term potentiation (LTP). This ATP-induced LTP was blocked by the addition of K-252b, an(More)
The involvement of ecto-protein kinase activity in activity-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) was studied in CA1 neurons of guinea-pig hippocampal slices. Application of 5 microM K-252b, an ecto-protein kinase inhibitor, blocked LTP induced by a theta-burst stimulation (3 bursts composed of 5 pulses at 100 Hz with inter-burst intervals of 200 ms). On(More)
It is a well-known hypothesis that cortical microtubules control the direction of cellulose microfibril deposition, and that the parallel cellulose microfibrils determine anisotropic cell expansion and plant cell morphogenesis. However, the molecular mechanism by which cortical microtubules regulate the orientation of cellulose microfibrils is still(More)
Receptor-interacting protein (RIP) has been implicated in the induction of death receptor-mediated, nonapoptotic cell death. However, the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here we show that tumor necrosis factor alpha induced RIP-dependent inhibition of adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT)-conducted transport of ADP into mitochondria, which resulted in(More)
Age-related changes in grooming activity in female Fischer-344 rats were observed in a home cage and in a novel testing chamber for 50 min. Compared to the home cage condition with brief handling treatment, excessive grooming was found in the novel situation. The amount of novelty-induced grooming of aged rats (26-28 months) was about two times that of(More)
Developing antiviral therapies for influenza A virus (IAV) infection is an ongoing process because of the rapid rate of antigenic mutation and the emergence of drug-resistant viruses. The ideal strategy is to develop drugs that target well-conserved, functionally restricted, and unique surface structures without affecting host cell function. We recently(More)
Plant steroid hormones, brassinosteroids, are essential for growth, development and responses to environmental stresses in plants. Although BR signaling proteins are localized in many organelles, i.e., the plasma membrane, nuclei, endoplasmic reticulum and vacuole, the details regarding the BR signaling pathway from perception at the cellular membrane(More)
Xanthohumol (XN) is a natural anticancer compound that inhibits the proliferation of oestrogen receptor-α (ERα)-positive breast cancer cells. However, the precise mechanism of the antitumour effects of XN on oestrogen (E2)-dependent cell growth, and especially its direct target molecule(s), remain(s) largely unknown. Here, we focus on whether XN directly(More)
Plant activators are agrochemicals that protect crops from diseases by activating the plant immune system. To isolate lead compounds for use as practical plant activators, we screened two different chemical libraries composed of various bioactive substances by using an established screening procedure that can selectively identify immune-priming compounds.(More)
We identified 5 975 567 mono- and 6 995 122 di-nucleosome positions of the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, which was detected at high resolution based on the DNA sequence data obtained from both mono- and di-nucleosomal DNA fragments. We show that the distribution of lengths of the mono-nucleosomal DNA fragments has two peaks at 135 and 150 nt, whereas the(More)