Hiroyuki Ohkawa

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BACKGROUND Marked parathyroid hyperplasia with bone diseases and vascular calcification are unsolved issues in dialysis patients. In this study, we made azotemic model rats by adenine feeding and analyzed the development and progression of the abnormalities. METHODS Renal failure was induced in 8-week-old male Wistar rats by feeding 0.75%(More)
Controlled regeneration of bone or cartilage has recently begun to facilitate a host of novel clinical treatments. An osteoblast line, which we isolated is able to form new bone matrix in vivo within 2 days and exhibits a mature osteoblast phenotype both in vitro and in vivo. Using these cells, we show that cuboidal bones can be generated into a predesigned(More)
BACKGROUND Although it effectively suppresses parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, vitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] therapy often causes tissue calcification over the long term. In patients on chronic dialysis, cardiovascular calcification is clearly linked to an unfavourable prognosis. In pre-dialysis patients, renal calcification of the kidney leads to the(More)
UNLABELLED 22-Oxacalcitriol ameliorates high-turnover bone and marked osteitis fibrosa in rats with slowly progressive nephritis. BACKGROUND 22-Oxacalcitriol (OCT) is a unique vitamin D analogue with less calcemic activity than calcitriol, and it effectively suppresses parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in uremic rats. This study was performed to examine(More)
For assessing the participation of mucus glycoproteins in the cytoprotective process, mucus glycoprotein content in the rat gastric mucosa was measured after treatment with 70% ethanol with or without prostaglandin (PG) E derivatives or 20% ethanol pretreatment. Oral administration of two synthetic PGE derivatives did not cause any significant changes in(More)
  • H Ohkawa
  • International journal of fertility
  • 1983
The electrical and mechanical activity of the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig prostate gland was studied. The electrical activity of the cells was recorded intracellularly. The resting membrane potential was about -50-60 mV. The majority of cells was electrically quiescent but some cells generated action potentials spontaneously in the normal solution. The(More)
The present study was undertaken to clarify the pharmacokinetics of 22-oxa-1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (22-oxa-1,25-(OH)2D3, OCT), a vitamin D3 analogue with little calcemic activity, and its effect on the transcription of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHRP) gene in nude mice bearing a human carcinoma (FA-6) associated with humoral hypercalcemia. FA-6(More)