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PURPOSE Previously, a 44 bp insertion in exon 2 of retinitis pigmentosa GTPase interacting protein 1 (RPGRIP1) was identified as the cause of cone-rod dystrophy 1 (cord1), a recessive form of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) in the Miniature Longhaired Dachshund (MLHD), a dog model for Leber congenital amaurosis. The cord1 locus was mapped using MLHDs from(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether magnetic resonance imaging findings in dogs with paraplegia caused by thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion were predictive of clinical outcome. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 77 dogs. PROCEDURE Medical records and magnetic resonance images were reviewed; clinical outcome was classified as successful(More)
The prevalence of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) proviral DNA among various pig breeds raised in Japan was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Moreover, potential infection of PERV was investigated by PCR and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in experimentally induced diabetic dogs (n=5) implanted with the diffusion(More)
The chemokine CCL28 is constitutively expressed by epithelial cells at several mucosal sites and is thought to function as a homeostatic chemoattractant of subpopulations of T cells and IgA B cells and to mediate antimicrobial activity. We report herein on the regulation of CCL28 in human colon epithelium by the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1, bacterial(More)
Factor XI deficiency in Japanese black cattle is an hereditary mild bleeding disorder with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. To characterize the molecular lesion causing factor XI deficiency in cattle, we isolated an entire coding region of the bovine F11 gene, which comprises 15 exons and 14 introns, and determined its nucleotide sequences.(More)
Human colonic epithelial cells express CXCR4, the sole cognate receptor for the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1/CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL) 12. The aim of this study was to define the mechanism and functional consequences of signaling intestinal epithelial cells through the CXCR4 chemokine receptor. CXCR4, but not SDF-1/CXCL12, was(More)
Human colon epithelial cells express the G protein-coupled receptor CCR6, the sole receptor for the chemokine CCL20 (also termed MIP-3alpha). CCL20 produced by intestinal epithelial cells is upregulated in response to proinflammatory stimuli and microbial infection, and it chemoattracts leukocytes, including CCR6-expressing immature myeloid dendritic cells,(More)
To examine the prevalence of autoantibody in canine cerebrospinal fluids (CSFs), CSFs were collected from 14 healthy controls and 88 clinical cases with various diseases in the central nervous system (CNS), and were analyzed by an indirect fluorescence antibody test on frozen sections of the cerebrum from normal Beagle dogs. An anti-astrocyte autoantibody(More)
Retinoids show antitumor effects on human acute promyelocytic leukemia and other tumors via retinoid receptors. In dogs, the role of retinoid receptors in inhibiting tumor development remains unclear. To evaluate the correlation between the degree of expression of retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) mRNA and the antiproliferative effects of all-trans(More)
A female stillborn Holstein calf with shortened cervical and thoracic regions, protrusion of the tongue, and bilateral symmetric flexural contraction of the anterior limbs was delivered on gestation day 281. Multiple hemivertebrae, fused and misshaped vertebrae, synostosis and scoliosis of cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebral column were found in the(More)