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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Visual field defects sometimes occur after temporal resection surgery. Our purpose was to evaluate the correlation between visual field defects caused by temporal lobe resection and the degree of resection of the Meyer loop, as assessed by diffusion tensor tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 14 patients who underwent(More)
The symptoms following sinus and vein occlusion observed in patients and experimental animals display a considerable variability that so far remains largely unexplained. In a rat cortical vein occlusion model using a photochemical thrombotic technique, we examined changes in the cerebral venous flow pattern by fluorescence angiography and regional cerebral(More)
A rat model of cortical vein occlusion by the photochemical thrombotic technique was used to evaluate whether monitoring the change in the local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) could predict brain damage after cortical vein occlusion. The cortical vein occlusion was attained by using the photochemical thrombotic technique, and the sequential LCBF was measured by(More)
OBJECTIVE The complement system is thought to play a major role in initiating some of the inflammatory events that occur during reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) on ischemic injury in the rat model of middle cerebral artery suture occlusion and reperfusion. METHODS Thirty-six male Wistar(More)
We evaluated the alexia and agraphia of three patients with different lesions using Japanese kanji (morphograms) and kana (phonograms) and made a lesion-to-symptom analysis. Patient 1 (pure alexia for both kanji and kana and minor agraphia for kanji after a fusiform lesion) made more paragraphic errors for kanji, whereas patient 2 (alexia with agraphia for(More)
To evaluate the role of the sub-cortical white matter and cortical areas of the supramarginal gyrus in short-term memory impairment (shortened digit or letter span) and repetition difficulty, four patients with conduction aphasia and impaired short-term memory and two patients with only short-term memory impairment were given digit span, letter span, speech(More)
We sought to investigate the effects of nitrous oxide on intraoperative electrocorticogram (ECoG) spike activities in 11 patients with intractable epilepsy. Grid electrodes were placed on the brain surface, and ECoG was recorded under the following conditions: 1.5 minimal alveolar anesthetic concentration (MAC) sevoflurane without nitrous oxide and 1.5 MAC(More)
The authors describe an unusual case of pulmonary small cell carcinoma with numerous calcified metastatic nodules of the brain in a 62-year-old female. Computed tomographic scanning and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated these lesions with ring enhancement. Autopsy revealed about 30 calcified metastatic nodules in the brain, but no calcification in the(More)
Ischemic tolerance induced by a subtoxic dose of neurotoxin, 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NPA), was recently reported as "chemical preconditioning." We electrophysiologically investigated the therapeutic window and the effect via action at the adenosine receptor using a gerbil hippocampal slice model of the tolerance phenomenon. 3-NPA at the dose of 4 mg/kg was(More)