Hiroyuki Nakao

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Purpose: The incidence of prostate cancer is increasing in low-risk populations such as Japanese. One of the causes of this increase is considered to be associated with the Western diet, especially the high intake of red meat and fat. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) A1, T1, M1, and P1 are phase II enzymes that are important for activation and detoxification(More)
Clinicoepidemiological manifestations of the vasculitides differ geographically. According to a nationwide, hospital-based survey in Japan, the prevalence of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and/or renal-limited vasculitis (RLV) is much higher than that of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). However, little is known about the incidence of antineutrophil(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Various staging systems containing both the tumor and liver function factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have been proposed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriate staging system in patients received hepatic resection for HCC. METHODOLOGY The prognosis of the 235 patients who had undergone hepatectomy in these 15(More)
Arylamines are suspected to be the primary causative agent of urothelial cancer in tobacco smoke. In the human liver, arylamines are N-hydroxylated by a cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A2-catalyzed reaction, which produces a substrate for O-esterification that can be catalyzed by N-acetyltransferases (NAT) or sulfotransferases (SULT). Recently, several polymorphisms(More)
The TP53 codon72 polymorphism has recently been extensively studied to determine the risk factor for carcinogenesis. However, there are few reports about the relationship between the TP53 codon72 polymorphism and oral cancer risk or post treatment prognosis. We evaluated the genotypic distribution of the TP53 codon72 polymorphism in 100 oral cancer cases(More)
The goal of this study was to characterize the effects of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) on rat paraventricular nucleus (PVN) putative parvocellular neurons using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings and single-cell reverse transcription-multiplex polymerase chain reaction (single-cell RT-mPCR) techniques. Under current-clamp, CRF (10 nM to 600 nM)(More)
OBJECTIVE Average length of inpatient stay at psychiatric hospitals in Japan has been consistently longer than that in any other developed country, and was 330 days in 1996. Although some reforms have been implemented with the intention of decreasing length of stay (LOS), appreciable reductions have not been achieved. The present study examined hospital(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor gene is often mutated in various human cancers. Recently, the p53 codon 72 polymorphism has been extensively studied to determine the risk factors responsible for cancer formation. We investigated the genotype distribution of the p53 codon 72 polymorphism in 112 male urothelial cancer cases and 175 male unrelated non-cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Patients on hemodialysis (HD) frequently experience cardiovascular events associated with vascular calcification. We investigated the involvement of osteoprotegerin (OPG), an inhibitor of vascular calcification, in the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality among new HD patients. METHODS We conducted a prospective cohort study of the(More)
The E-cadherin is important in cell-cell adhesion and in the development and maintenance of the epithelial phenotype. A -160C-->A polymorphism in the promoter region of E-cadherin has been shown to decrease gene transcription. This allelic variation may be a potential genetic marker that can help identify those individuals at higher risk for(More)