Hiroyuki Nakao

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Fecal bile acids in germ-free rats were analyzed after inoculation withBacteroides vulgatus, Bifidobacterium longum, Escherichia coli orClostridium ramosum. B. vulgatus preferentially deconjugated tauro-β-muricholic acid andB. longum taurocholic acid.C. ramosum deconjugated both bile acids, butE. coli deconjugated neither. 7α-Dehydroxylation of bile acids(More)
The effects on bile acid and sterol transformation of clostridia (fusiform bacteria), the dominant intestinal bacteria in rodents (ca. 1010 counts per g wet feces) were examined in Wistar rats. After inoculation of clostridia into germ-free rats and into rats previously inoculated solely with Escherichia coli, most of the endogenous bile acids were(More)
Large volumes of plasma can be fractionated by the method of Cohn at low cost. However, liquid chromatography is superior in terms of the quality of the product obtained. In order to combine the advantages of each method, we developed an integrated method for the production of human albumin and immunoglobulin G (IgG). The cryoprecipitate was first removed(More)
The aim of the method described here is to remove hemoglobin, the major contaminant in the bovine plasma obtained from slaughterhouses, by adding a mixture of 19% cold ethanol and 0.6% chloroform, followed by fibrinogen and globulin precipitation by the Cohn method and nonspecific hemagglutinin by thermocoagulation. The experimental volume of bovine plasma(More)
In the regeneration and repair of missing tissues, synthetic polymer scaffolds need many pores to involve cells and to supply cells with nutrients. The control of the pore size of biodegradable L-lactide/epsilon-caprolactone copolymer foams was studied by changing the polymer concentration and the cooling temperature in the freeze-drying method. The(More)
The DS-Nh (DS Non-hair) mouse is a spontaneous hairless mutant of the DS mouse. The inheritance mode of the Nh mutation is autosomal dominant, and the Nh locus is mapped to Chromosome 11. The roles of the Nh mutation in spontaneous dermatitis and IgE hyperproduction were studied using an Nh congenic strain with a genetic background from the BALB/c mouse. In(More)
We have modified a standard column chromatography method for the preparation of albumin from human plasma. The proposed method utilizes Sephadex G-25, euglobulin precipitation, DEAE-Sepharose, ethanol heat treatment and Sephacryl S-200 HR. The procedure differs from that normally used by the introduction of Schneider's ethanol/heat treatment step and the(More)
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) of excellent quality for intravenous use was obtained from the cryosupernatant of human plasma by a chromatographic method based on a mixture of ion-exchange, DEAE-Sepharose FF and arginine Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography and a final purification step by Sephacryl S-300 HR gel filtration. The yield of 10 experimental batches(More)
The dynamics of fluorescence from horse heart cytochrome c is investigated in reduced (ferrous) and oxidized (ferric) forms by a streak camera and an up-conversion technique under B-band excitation at 415 nm. In the reduced form, we found the Q-band emission at 550 and 600 nm originated from the S(1) state in a short time range. A very broad continuum(More)
Spontaneous development of dermatitis in DS-Nh mice under specific pathogen-free conditions was examined to verify the hypothesis [Exp. Anim. 46: 225-229, 1997] that Stapylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infection is causally associated with the dermatitis. Observation of the mice up to 28 weeks of age indicated that obvious dermatitis does occur under S.(More)