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In a preceding paper, we reported a novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein, named neurabin, which was specifically expressed in neural tissue and implicated in neurite formation. We purified from rat brain another F-actin-binding protein, which had a domain organization similar to that of neurabin but was ubiquitously expressed, and named it(More)
The cadherin superfamily plays key roles in intercellular adhesion. An emerging intercellular adhesion system, consisting of nectin and afadin, also has roles in organization of a variety of intercellular junctions either in cooperation with, or independently of, cadherin. Nectin is a Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like intercellular adhesion molecule,(More)
A novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein with a molecular mass of approximately 205 kD (p205), which was concentrated at cadherin-based cell-to-cell adherens junction (AJ), was isolated and characterized. p205 was purified from rat brain and its cDNA was cloned from a rat brain cDNA library. p205 was a protein of 1,829 amino acids (aa) with a(More)
We purified from rat brain a novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein of approximately 180 kD (p180), which was specifically expressed in neural tissue. We named p180 neurabin (neural tissue-specific F-actin- binding protein). We moreover cloned the cDNA of neurabin from a rat brain cDNA library and characterized native and recombinant proteins.(More)
We recently isolated a novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein, afadin, that has two isoforms, l- and s-afadins. l-Afadin is ubiquitously expressed and specifically localized at zonula adherens (ZA) in epithelial cells and at cell-cell adherens junction (AJ) in nonepithelial cells, whereas s-afadin is abundantly expressed in neural tissue. l-Afadin(More)
Actin-based cell-cell adherens junctions (AJs) are crucial not only for mechanical adhesion but also for cell morphogenesis and differentiation. While organization of homotypic AJs is attributed mostly to classic cadherins, the adhesive mechanism of heterotypic AJs in more complex tissues remains to be clarified. Nectin, a member of a family of(More)
We have found a new cell-cell adhesion system at cadherin-based cell-cell adherens junctions (AJs) consisting of at least nectin and l-afadin. Nectin is a Ca(2+)-independent homophilic immunoglobulin-like adhesion molecule, and l-afadin is an actin filament-binding protein that connects the cytoplasmic region of nectin to the actin cytoskeleton. Both the(More)
The developmental changes in the expression of mRNA encoding three major brain adenylyl cyclase (AC; EC 4.6.1.1) subtypes, type I (AC1), II (AC2), and V (AC5), were examined by in situ hybridization in rat brain from neonate to adult. During the early postnatal stage, levels of AC1 transcripts were very high in the cerebral cortex, striatum, thalamus,(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA levels in the rat substantia nigra (SN), ventral tegmental area (VTA) and locus coeruleus (LC) were measured by in situ hybridization histochemistry 1, 4, 6 and 24 h after a single injection of methamphetamine (MAP, 4 mg/kg, i.p.) or an equivalent volume of saline. TH mRNA levels in LC were transiently increased (130% of(More)
Spontaneous unit discharges were recorded extracellularly from globus pallidal (GP) neurons in rat slice preparations. The firing rates of GP neurons ranged from 2.0 to 24.0 spikes/s and their firing patterns were predominantly of two types: regular and irregular. Stimulation of the neostriatum evoked two distinct types of inhibition which were dependent on(More)