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In a preceding paper, we reported a novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein, named neurabin, which was specifically expressed in neural tissue and implicated in neurite formation. We purified from rat brain another F-actin-binding protein, which had a domain organization similar to that of neurabin but was ubiquitously expressed, and named it(More)
The cadherin superfamily plays key roles in intercellular adhesion. An emerging intercellular adhesion system, consisting of nectin and afadin, also has roles in organization of a variety of intercellular junctions either in cooperation with, or independently of, cadherin. Nectin is a Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like intercellular adhesion molecule,(More)
We purified from rat brain a novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein of approximately 180 kD (p180), which was specifically expressed in neural tissue. We named p180 neurabin (neural tissue-specific F-actin- binding protein). We moreover cloned the cDNA of neurabin from a rat brain cDNA library and characterized native and recombinant proteins.(More)
A novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein with a molecular mass of approximately 205 kD (p205), which was concentrated at cadherin-based cell-to-cell adherens junction (AJ), was isolated and characterized. p205 was purified from rat brain and its cDNA was cloned from a rat brain cDNA library. p205 was a protein of 1,829 amino acids (aa) with a(More)
We recently isolated a novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein, afadin, that has two isoforms, l- and s-afadins. l-Afadin is ubiquitously expressed and specifically localized at zonula adherens (ZA) in epithelial cells and at cell-cell adherens junction (AJ) in nonepithelial cells, whereas s-afadin is abundantly expressed in neural tissue. l-Afadin(More)
Actin-based cell-cell adherens junctions (AJs) are crucial not only for mechanical adhesion but also for cell morphogenesis and differentiation. While organization of homotypic AJs is attributed mostly to classic cadherins, the adhesive mechanism of heterotypic AJs in more complex tissues remains to be clarified. Nectin, a member of a family of(More)
Spontaneous unit discharges were recorded extracellularly from globus pallidal (GP) neurons in rat slice preparations. The firing rates of GP neurons ranged from 2.0 to 24.0 spikes/s and their firing patterns were predominantly of two types: regular and irregular. Stimulation of the neostriatum evoked two distinct types of inhibition which were dependent on(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans excretory cell extends tubular processes, called canals, along the basolateral surface of the epidermis. Mutations in the exc-5 gene cause tubulocystic defects in this canal. Ultrastructural analysis suggests that exc-5 is required for the proper placement of cytoskeletal elements at the apical epithelial surface. exc-5 encodes a(More)
Rab3A, a member of the Rab3 small G protein family, regulates Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis of neurotransmitter. The cyclical activation and inactivation of Rab3A are essential for the Rab3A action in exocytosis. GDP-Rab3A is activated to GTP-Rab3A by Rab3 GDP/GTP exchange protein (Rab3 GEP), and GTP-Rab3A is inactivated to GDP-Rab3A by Rab3 GTPase-activating(More)
There exists a small GTP-binding protein (G protein) superfamily, consisting of more than 50 members, from yeast to mammal. The Rab family belongs to this superfamily and is implicated in intracellular vesicle trafficking. Rab3A small G protein is a member of the Rab3 subfamily which belongs to this Rab family. The regulators and downstream targets of Rab3A(More)