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PURPOSE We measured the time lags between the start or end of tasks and signal changes in functional MRI (fMRI) for various age groups and evaluated the age correlation of the time lags. METHODS Forty subjects, 20-76 years old, were evaluated. fMRI was performed with and echo planar imaging sequence at 0.5 s intervals. We measured the time for the signal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Visual field defects sometimes occur after temporal resection surgery. Our purpose was to evaluate the correlation between visual field defects caused by temporal lobe resection and the degree of resection of the Meyer loop, as assessed by diffusion tensor tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 14 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tract-based analysis can be used to investigate required tracts extracted from other fiber tracts. However, the fractional anisotropy (FA) threshold influences tractography analysis. The current study evaluated the influence of the FA threshold in measuring diffusion tensor parameters for tract-based analysis of the uncinate(More)
From any kind of living organisms, very weak spontaneous light emission without excitation light (ultraweak biochemiluminescence) is observed. We succeeded to detect ultraweak biochemiluminescence from rat hippocampal slice preparation at the order of 10(-19) W/mm2 by a single-photon detector using a silicon avalanche photodiode. It was shown that(More)
When people are completely isolated from environmental time cues, their circadian rhythms free run with a nearly 24-h cycle, generated by an internal body clock. Free-running temperature, cortisol, and melatonin rhythms have also been described in totally blind people, even though they were living in normal society and had access to abundant time cues; thus(More)
The formation and extension of filopodia in response to an extracellular stimulus by guidance cues determine the path of growth cone advance. Actin-filament bundling and actin polymerization at the tips supply the driving force behind the formation and elongation. We tried to clarify how signals in response to extracellular cues are transformed to induce(More)
PURPOSE This study accessed the feasibility of using tractography-based analysis to evaluate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) of three cerebellar peduncles in subtypes of spinocerebellar degenerative disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 7 cases of dentatorubro-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA), 4 cases of multiple(More)
We previously found that bilateral lesions of the suprachiasmatic nucleus abolished hyperglycemic response to intracranial injection of 2-deoxy-D-glucose in rats. Because the hyperglycemia due to 2-deoxy-D-glucose was shown to be dependent on the functions of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic nervous system, the effect of bilateral lesions of the(More)
To assess the importance of pre-operative embolisation, 27 cases of cerebral artriovenous malformation (AVM) treated in this institute between July 1994 and October 1998 were analysed. The patients' ages ranged from 3 to 70 years (average 36.9) with a follow-up period of 1-41 months (average 19.2). The patient presented with haemorrhage in 21 cases and(More)