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The formation and extension of filopodia in response to an extracellular stimulus by guidance cues determine the path of growth cone advance. Actin-filament bundling and actin polymerization at the tips supply the driving force behind the formation and elongation. We tried to clarify how signals in response to extracellular cues are transformed to induce(More)
PURPOSE This study accessed the feasibility of using tractography-based analysis to evaluate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) of three cerebellar peduncles in subtypes of spinocerebellar degenerative disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 7 cases of dentatorubro-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA), 4 cases of multiple(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Visual defect due to optic radiation injury is a complication of temporal lobectomy for temporal epilepsy. To investigate whether diffusion tensor imaging can delineate the changes in optic radiations after lobectomy, we evaluated parameters on tensor images for optic radiations and correlated them with visual defect. METHODS We(More)
The insulin receptor tyrosine kinase substrate p53 (IRSp53) links Rac and WAVE2 and has been implicated in lamellipodia protrusion. Recently, however, IRSp53 has been reported to bind to both Cdc42 and Mena to induce filopodia. To shed independent light on IRSp53 function we determined the localisations and dynamics of IRSp53 and WAVE2 in B16 melanoma(More)
PURPOSE To preoperatively visualize the course of the facial nerve, which is displaced by vestibular schwannoma, using diffusion tensor (DT) tractography, and to evaluate the agreement with surgical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS The subjects were eight patients with vestibular schwannoma who had undergone removal surgery. DT MR images were obtained and(More)
In order to investigate the contribution of proprioceptive input to maintaining an upright position, stabilometry via 100-Hz vibratory stimulation applied to the Achilles tendon was studied and analyzed with respect to area, length and power spectra according to the method of fast Fourier transform (FFT). Twenty-one young medical students were analyzed in(More)
Microendoscopic discectomy (MED), which combines traditional lumbar microsurgical techniques with endoscopy, is being used as a minimally invasive procedure for lumbar disc herniation. We reviewed 30 patients who underwent MED at our institution and compared their outcome with that of patients subjected to the conventional method. Laboratory data suggested(More)
Actin filaments are organised into sub-compartments of meshwork and bundles in lamellipodia. Localisation of fascin, the LIM and SH3 domain protein 1 (lasp-1), and lasp-2 to the bundles suggest their involvement in that organisation; however, their contributions remain unclear. We have compared the turnover of these proteins with actin at the bundle. After(More)
We have recently reported a neural variant of microtubule-associated protein 4 with a short pro-rich region (MAP4-SP). Here, we show that the neural MAP4 has reduced microtubule-stabilizing activity, compared to the ubiquitous MAP4 with a long pro-rich region (MAP4-LP), both in vitro and in vivo. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching analyses revealed(More)