Hiroyuki Miyoshi

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The cell-cycle transition from G1 to S phase has been difficult to visualize. We have harnessed antiphase oscillating proteins that mark cell-cycle transitions in order to develop genetically encoded fluorescent probes for this purpose. These probes effectively label individual G1 phase nuclei red and those in S/G2/M phases green. We were able to generate(More)
Susceptibility to Crohn's disease, a complex inflammatory disease involving the small intestine, is controlled by over 30 loci. One Crohn's disease risk allele is in ATG16L1, a gene homologous to the essential yeast autophagy gene ATG16 (ref. 2). It is not known how ATG16L1 or autophagy contributes to intestinal biology or Crohn's disease pathogenesis. To(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays an important role in insulin sensitivity, tissue homeostasis, and regulating cellular functions. We found high-level expression of PPARgamma in embryo mouse brain and neural stem cells (NSCs), in contrast to extremely low levels in adult mouse brain. Here, we show that PPARgamma mediates the(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside and self-renew in the bone marrow (BM) niche. Overall, the signaling that regulates stem cell dormancy in the HSC niche remains controversial. Here, we demonstrate that TGF-β type II receptor-deficient HSCs show low-level Smad activation and impaired long-term repopulating activity, underlining the critical role of(More)
We report directed differentiaion of retinal precursors in vitro from mouse ES cells. Six3+ rostral brain progenitors are generated by culturing ES cells under serum-free suspension conditions (SFEB culture) in the presence of Wnt and Nodal antagonists (Dkk1 and LeftyA), and subsequently steered to differentiate into Rx+ cells (16%) by treatment with(More)
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is increasingly attractive for use as a non-human primate animal model in biomedical research. It has a relatively high reproduction rate for a primate, making it potentially suitable for transgenic modification. Although several attempts have been made to produce non-human transgenic primates, transgene expression(More)
Reestablishing homeostasis after tissue damage depends on the proper organization of stem cells and their progeny, though the repair mechanisms are unclear. The mammalian intestinal epithelium is well suited to approach this problem, as it is composed of well-delineated units called crypts of Lieberkühn. We found that Wnt5a, a noncanonical Wnt ligand, was(More)
Inactivation of TGF-β family signaling is implicated in colorectal tumor progression. Using cis-Apc+/Δ716 Smad4+/− mutant mice (referred to as cis-Apc/Smad4), a model of invasive colorectal cancer in which TGF-β family signaling is blocked, we show here that a new type of immature myeloid cell (iMC) is recruited from the bone marrow to the tumor invasion(More)
The DPC4 (SMAD4) gene plays a key role in the TGFbeta signaling pathway. We inactivated its mouse homolog Dpc4 (Smad4). The homozygous mutants were embryonic lethal, whereas the heterozygotes showed no abnormality. We then introduced the Dpc4 mutation into the Apc(delta716) knockout mice, a model for human familial adenomatous polyposis. Because both Apc(More)
It is useful to be able to grow enriched populations of stem cells in vitro. Growth of stem cells as tissue spheroids is a key methodology permitting sustainable culture of adult epithelial cells. Gastrointestinal stem cells can be propagated by using conditioned medium from a supportive cell line (L-WRN). This protocol describes how to prepare conditioned(More)