Hiroyuki Miura

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Pitx2, a bicoid-related homeobox gene, is involved in Rieger's syndrome and the left-right (L-R) asymmetrical pattern formation in body plan. In order to define the genomic structure and roles of Pitx2, we analyzed the genomic structure and generated Pitx2-deficient mice with the lacZ gene in the homeobox-containing exon of Pitx2. We were able to show that(More)
Leptin acts as a potent inhibitory factor against obesity by regulating energy expenditure, food intake, and adiposity. The obese diabetic db/db mouse, which has defects in leptin receptor, displays enhanced neural responses and elevated behavioral preference to sweet stimuli. Here, we show the effects of leptin on the peripheral taste system. An(More)
We determined the 16S rRNA sequences of the type strains of Streptococcus mitis and Streptococcus gordonii and calculated the phylogenetic distances between those organisms and other members of the genus Streptococcus. The viridans group streptococci were separated into five phylogenetic groups; we named these groups the anginosus group, the mitis group,(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a novel member of the putative taste receptor T1R family, designated T1R3, was isolated from circumvallate papillae of the mouse tongue using degenerate primers. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed predominant expression of the receptor in circumvallate papillae. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that(More)
The effect of anatomic variations on the operative techniques used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was assessed. In 133 Japanese patients with medial osteoarthritis (OA), six parameters were measured on anteroposterior radiographs of the lower extremities taken with the patients in the supine position. The results showed that the characteristics of the(More)
Phencyclidine (PCP) reduced social behavior (SB) in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. However, no such SB deficit was observed on repeated treatment with methamphetamine for 14 days. The SB deficit produced by treatment with PCP (10 mg/kg/day) for 14 days, which persisted for 28 days after withdrawal, was attenuated by clozapine (10 mg/kg/day) given for 7(More)
In the present study, we have used a newly developed microdialysis system to perfuse the nucleus accumbens (NAC) of conscious rats during spontaneous intracranial self-stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB). Chromatographic (HPLC-ECD) analysis of the perfusates showed that dopamine (DA) release increased, but with an unstable pattern during the(More)
To elucidate the biological role of Stat3 in the skin, conditional gene targeting using the Cre-loxP system was performed as germline Stat3 ablation leads to embryonic lethality. K5-Cre;Stat3(flox/-) transgenic mice, whose epidermal and follicular keratinocytes lack functional Stat3, were viable and the development of epidermis and hair follicles appeared(More)
Posterior tibial slope was evaluated in 30 normal and 30 varus knees using magnetic resonance imaging. The mean tibial posterior slope in the medial plateau was 10.7 degrees (range: 5 degrees - 15.5 degrees) in the normal knees and 9.9 degrees (range: 1.5 degrees - 19 degrees) in the varus knees. The mean tibial posterior slope in the lateral plateau was(More)