Hiroyuki Masayasu

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Although reactive oxygen species (ROS) have long been considered to play pathogenic roles in various disorders, this classic view is now being challenged by the recent discovery of their physiological roles in cellular signaling. To determine the immunological consequence of pharmacological disruption of endogenous redox regulation, we used a(More)
Ebselen [2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one], a seleno-organic compound with glutathione peroxidase-like activity is used in clinical trials against stroke. Human and bovine TrxR catalyzed the reduction of ebselen to ebselen selenol by NADPH with an apparent K(M)-value of 2.5 microM and a kcat of 588 min(-1). The addition of thioredoxin (Trx)(More)
1. The aim of this study was to investigate whether delayed treatment with the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent ebselen reduces the volume of infarction in a rodent model of permanent focal cerebral ischaemia. 2. Ebselen (10 or 30 mg kg-1) or vehicle was administered by gavage 30 min and 12 h after the induction of cerebral ischaemia by permanent(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The neuroprotective efficacy of an intravenous formulation of the antioxidant ebselen has been comprehensively assessed with specific regard to conventional quantitative histopathology, subcortical axonal damage, neurological deficit, and principal mechanism of action. METHODS Transient focal ischemia (2 hours of intraluminal(More)
The seleno-organic compound ebselen (2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one) has anti-inflammatory activity and exhibits glutathione peroxidase-like activity in-vitro. Ebselen inhibited candidacidal activity over the same range of concentrations as it inhibited the production of microbicidal H2O2 by human neutrophils and macrophage-like cells. Therefore,(More)
The inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) by ebselen, 2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazole-3(2H)-one, was reversed by the addition of 10(-5) M dithiothreitol, suggesting that ebselen reacts with a critical thiol group of NOS in the inhibitory mechanism. In the presence of 10(-4) to 10(-3)M dithiothreitol, ebselen dose-dependently enhanced NOS activity,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The seleno-organic compound ebselen has both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Although ebselen has been shown to protect the brain against stroke, it is unclear how ebselen provides neuroprotection. In the present study the authors examined whether ebselen inhibits neuronal apoptosis resulting from transient focal(More)
The neuroprotective efficacy of the hydroperoxide scavenger ebselen was assessed in a model of transient focal ischaemia that utilises the potent vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 to induce temporary occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Pretreatment with ebselen (10 or 30 mg/kg p.o., 40 min pre-MCA occlusion) dose dependently reduced the volume(More)
The effects of L-arginine (Arg) derivatives on soluble guanylate cyclase from neuroblastoma N1E 115 cells were examined. The Arg derivatives were modified at the -NH2, -COOH, C alpha-proton or guanidino group of Arg. Among the synthesized derivatives, eight compounds, i.e. the 5-(dimethylamino)-1-naphthalenesulfonyl (DNS) ones, especially(More)