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A technique for improving the recognition accuracy of EMG-based speech recognition by applying existing speech recognition technologies is proposed. The authors have proposed an EMG-based speech recognition system that requires only mouth movements, voice need not be generated. A multi-stream HMM (hidden Markov model) and feature extraction technique are(More)
We propose unvoiced speech recognition, "Mime Speech Recognition". It recognizes speech by observing the muscles associated with speech. It is not based on voice signals but electromyography (EMG). It will realize unvoiced communication, which is a new communication style. Because voice signals are not used, it can be applied in noisy environments; it also(More)
During slow-wave sleep, anterior piriform cortex neurons show highly synchronized discharges that accompany olfactory cortex sharp waves (OC-SPWs). The OC-SPW-related synchronized activity of anterior piriform cortex neurons travel down to the olfactory bulb and is thought to be involved in the reorganization of bulbar neuronal circuitry. However,(More)
Granule cells (GCs) in the mouse olfactory bulb (OB) continue to be generated in adulthood, with nearly half incorporated and the remainder eliminated. Here, we show that elimination of adult-born GCs is promoted during a short time window in the postprandial period. Under restricted feeding, the number of apoptotic GCs specifically increased within a few(More)
The olfactory cortex is functionally isolated from the external odor world during slow-wave sleep. However, the neuronal activity pattern in the olfactory cortex and its functional roles during slow-wave sleep are not well understood. Here, we demonstrate in freely behaving rats that the anterior piriform cortex, a major area of the olfactory cortex,(More)
Odor signals are conveyed from the olfactory bulb (OB) to the olfactory cortex by two types of projection neurons, tufted cells and mitral cells, which differ in signal timing and firing frequency in response to odor inhalation. Whereas tufted cells respond with early-onset high-frequency burst discharges starting at the middle of the inhalation phase of(More)
Development of spermatozoa is a complex process involving specific morphological formation of flagella, nucleus and mitochondria. Although detailed morphological observations of these events are available, the molecular mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. We report here the molecular cloning and characterization of mouse spergen-1 encoding a sperm(More)
A headphone-type gaze detector for a full-time wearable interface is proposed. It uses a Kalman filter to analyze multiple channels of EOG signals measured at the locations of headphone cushions to estimate gaze direction. Evaluations show that the average estimation error is 4.4® (horizontal) and 8.3® (vertical), and that the drift is suppressed(More)
Plastic changes in neuronal circuits often occur in association with specific behavioral states. In this review, we focus on an emerging view that neuronal circuits in the olfactory system are reorganized along the wake-sleep cycle. Olfaction is crucial to sustaining the animals' life, and odor-guided behaviors have to be newly acquired or updated to(More)
19 20 Odor signals are conveyed from the olfactory bulb (OB) to the olfactory cortex by two 21 types of projection neurons, tufted cells and mitral cells, which differ in signal timing 22 and firing frequency in response to odor inhalation. Whereas tufted cells respond with 23 early-onset high frequency burst discharges starting at the middle of the(More)