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BACKGROUND Endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation may be an alternative to endoscopic sphincterotomy in the treatment of bile duct stones. However, there is a controversy as to the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation. METHODS Two hundred eighty-two patients with bile duct stones were enrolled and randomized to an(More)
BACKGROUND Screening individuals at increased risk for pancreatic cancer (PC) detects early, potentially curable, pancreatic neoplasia. OBJECTIVE To develop consortium statements on screening, surveillance and management of high-risk individuals with an inherited predisposition to PC. METHODS A 49-expert multidisciplinary international consortium met to(More)
BACKGROUND Five cases of transfusion transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) have been reported so far. The infection routes of the causative donors remain unclear, however. Also, the progress of virus markers in the entire course of HEV infection has not been well documented. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Nucleic acid testing was performed by real-time(More)
Hilar cholangiocarcinomas grow slowly, and metastases occur late in the natural history. Surgical cure and long-term survival have been demonstrated, when resection margins are clear. Preoperative biliary drainage has been proposed as a way to improve liver function before surgery, and to reduce post-surgical complications. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary(More)
We previously developed an immunotherapy treatment utilizing a cancer vaccine reagent KIF20A-66 in order to treat pancreatic cancer. KIF20A-66 is HLA-A24-restricted epitope peptide derived from KIF20A, a member of kinesin super family protein 20A that is significantly transactivated in pancreatic cancer. In this report, we further demonstrated(More)
Background and study aims Short-type single-balloon enteroscope (short SBE)-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a promising alternative treatment in postsurgical altered anatomy. However, it is technically demanding, and factors affecting its technical difficulty have not yet been clarified. This study aimed to examine the(More)
AIM To evaluate the feasibility of the real-time virtual needle tracking system for percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS An electromagnetic field created by an ultrasound (US) machine detected the tracking bracket mounted onto the RFA needle. When the needle tip was confirmed to be in the accurate plane(More)
We describe a case of mucin-secreting biliary adenoma associated with obstructive jaundice due to mucin production. Duodenal endoscopy revealed mucin secretion through an enlarged papilla of Vater. On the cholangiogram, large filling defects caused by mucin were observed in the dilated bile duct. Granular and/or papillary mucosa was noted from the hilar to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pancreatitis is the most common and potentially serious complication of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) is caused mostly by postprocedural papillary edema and retention of pancreatic juice. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether placement of a temporary-type,(More)
AIMS To clarify the clinical features and the natural history of serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) of the pancreas. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed data from 30 patients affected by SCN. SCNs were classified as (1) microcystic type, (2) micro- and macrocystic type, and (3) macrocystic type according to the modified WHO classification. Eighteen patients who(More)