Hiroyuki Kuramoto

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BACKGROUND The phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway is activated in many human cancers and plays a key role in cell proliferation and survival. A mutation (E17K) in the pleckstrin homology domain of the AKT1 results in constitutive AKT1 activation by means of localisation to the plasma membrane. The AKT1 (E17K) mutation has been reported in(More)
Mutations in genes functioning in different pathways frequently occur together in the same cancer, whereas mutations in the same pathway tend to be mutually exclusive. However, the majority of colon, breast, and endometrial cancers that possess mutations in PIK3CA, the catalytic subunit p110A of phosphatidylinositol 3 ¶-kinase (PI3K), also possess mutations(More)
The PI3K (phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase)/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway is frequently activated in endometrial cancer through various PI3K/AKT-activating genetic alterations. We examined the antitumor effect of NVP-BEZ235--a dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor--and RAD001--an mTOR inhibitor--in 13 endometrial cancer cell lines, all of which possess one(More)
A methanol extract of the flowers of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem. (Amaryllidaceae) demonstrated inhibitory effects on melanogenesis in theophylline-stimulated murine B16 melanoma 4A5 cells. From the extract, four new phenylethanoid glycosides, tazettosides A–D (1–4), and a new phenylpropanoid glycoside, tazettoside E (5), were isolated along with(More)
Estrogen is known as a major risk factor in tumorigenesis of the endometrium. The aim of this study is to establish stable estrogen-responsive endometrial cancer cell lines and to investigate the mechanism of estrogen action, focusing on cell-cycle regulation. Human wild-type estrogen receptor cDNA was transfected into endometrial cancer cells (Ishikawa)(More)
A methanol extract of everlasting flowers of Helichrysum arenarium L. Moench (Asteraceae) was found to inhibit the increase in blood glucose elevation in sucrose-loaded mice at 500 mg/kg p.o. The methanol extract also inhibited the enzymatic activity against dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV, IC50 = 41.2 μg/ml), but did not show intestinal α-glucosidase(More)
PTEN inactivation is the most frequent genetic aberration in endometrial cancer. One of the phosphatase-independent roles of PTEN is associated with homologous recombination (HR) in nucleus. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) plays key roles in the repair of DNA single-strand breaks, and a PARP inhibitor induces synthetic lethality in cancer cells with HR(More)
The effects of fi-anÃ-4-hydroxytamoxifen(OHTam) on proliferation of cells of the Ishikawa human endometrial adenocarcinoma line were studied under serum-free, phenol red-free conditions and compared to those of estradiol. The addition of OHTam (1 MM)to basal medium (BM), consisting of equal parts of Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium and Ham's F-12 with(More)
The progesterone receptor (PR) has two isoforms, A and B, among which PR-B is mainly involved in regulating proliferation of the uterine endometrium. In this study, immunohistochemical analysis was carried out to investigate the correlation of PR-A and -B expressions with cell cycle-regulatory proteins and clinicopathological parameters in endometrial(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether docetaxel has antitumour activity in patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma. Chemotherapy-naïve or previously treated patients (one regimen) with histopathologically documented endometrial carcinoma and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status </=2 entered the study.(More)