Hiroyuki Kunimoto

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Cells undergo senescence in response to various conditions, including telomere erosion, oncogene activation and multiple cytokines. One of these cytokines, interleukin-6 (IL‑6), not only functions in the immune system, but also promotes cellular senescence and cancer. Here we demonstrate that IL‑6 and the soluble IL‑6 receptor (sIL‑6R) induce premature(More)
c-Fos is regulated by phosphorylation and multiple turnover mechanisms. We found that c-Fos was ubiquitylated in the cytoplasm during IL-6/gp130 stimulation under MEK inhibition and sought the mechanisms involved in the regulation. We show that sustained ERK5 activity and the E3 ligase UBR1 regulate the stability and subcellular localization of c-Fos. UBR1,(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a latent cytoplasmic transcription factor. It is activated by cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6) through phosphorylation at Tyr705 (pY705), which is required for its dimerization and nuclear translocation. However, the role of Ser727 phosphorylation, occurring during activation, remains(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is activated by the IL-6 family of cytokines and growth factors. STAT3 requires phosphorylation on Ser-727, in addition to tyrosine phosphorylation on Tyr-705, to be transcriptionally active. In IL-6 signaling, the two major pathways that derive from the YXXQ and the YSTV motifs of gp130 cause(More)
A STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3)- and a MEK/Erk-mediated signal can be activated by cytokines, including IL-6 (interleukin-6), PDGF, and EGF. Recently, STAT3 and an ERK-signal were shown to co-operatively activate the c-fos gene. Activation of a truncated form of the IL-6 receptor subunit, gp130, that had only one YXXQ motif,(More)
Cytokines play several roles in developing and/or reinforcing premature cellular senescence of young cells. One such cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL-6), regulates senescence in some systems in addition to its known functions of immune regulation and promotion of tumorigenesis. In this review, we describe recent advances in studies on the roles of IL-6 and its(More)
STAT3 regulates many target genes in response to cytokines and growth factors. To study the mechanisms of STAT3-dependent transcription, we established several cell lines in which HepG2-STAT3-knockdown cells were reconstituted with a variety of STAT3 mutants. Using these cell lines, we found that truncated STAT3(1-750), but not STAT3(1-761), could not(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION S1-1, also called RBM10, is an RNA-binding protein of 852 residues. An alteration of its activity causes TARP syndrome, a severe X-linked disorder with pre- or post-natal lethality in affected males. Its molecular function, although still largely unknown, has been suggested to be transcription and alternative splicing. In fact, S1-1(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) has a devastating cosmetic effect, especially in the young. Recent data indicate that two major basement membrane components (laminin-332 and -511) of the skin have opposing effects on hair growth. OBJECTIVE In this study, we examined the role and localization of laminin-332 and -511 in CIA. METHODS We(More)