Hiroyuki Kumagai

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BACKGROUND The posteromedial right atrium (PMRA) forms a block line during typical atrial flutter (AFL). However, whether upper turnover portion exists at the anterior or posterior superior vena cava (SVC) has not been determined. METHODS We performed right atrial mapping during AFL in 20 patients (typical AFL, n = 17; reverse typical AFL, n = 3) using an(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to evaluate coronary stenosis using multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) has been well discussed. In contrast, several studies demonstrated that the plaque burden measured by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has a relationship to the risk of cardiovascular events. the accuracy of MDCT was studied to determine plaque and vessel(More)
Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) during cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be seen in patients with myocardial fibrosis accompanied by myocardial infarction and cardiomyopathy. Some idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients have fibrosis in the myocardium and show LGE during cardiac MRI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
We describe a case of a 60-year-old male with dilated phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by Fabry disease. He was diagnosed to have a cardiac variant of Fabry disease by an enzyme assay and a right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy which revealed specific features of this disease and cardiac involvement was the sole manifestation. He has developed(More)
BACKGROUND The upper limit of vulnerability (ULV) closely correlates with the defibrillation threshold (DFT). The aim of this study was to establish the optimal protocol for using the ULV test to predict high DFT (>20 J) without inducing ventricular fibrillation (VF). METHODS AND RESULTS The 10-J and 15-J ULV test with 3 coupling intervals (-20, 0, and(More)
Slow pathway (SP) ablation of atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) can be complicated by unexpected AV block even at sites >10 mm inferior to the bundle of His (HB), and one cause is thought to be the inferior dislocation of an antegrade fast pathway (A-FP). We assessed locations of FPs guided by CARTO. Sites of FPs were mapped guided(More)
Noncontact mapping is useful for the diagnosis of various arrhythmias. Virtual unipolar electrogram morphologies (VUEM) of the conduction block and the turnaround points, however, are not well defined. We compared the VUEM characteristics of a transverse conduction block in the posterior right atrium (RA) with those of contact bipolar electrograms obtained(More)
We investigated the differences in the endocardial substrates between ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and non-ICM (NICM) by using electro-anatomical mapping and pace-mapping. We studied 18 patients (ICM and NICM, 9 each) with monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) documented by 12-leads ECG. Low voltage area was defined by signal amplitude <1.5 mV. A(More)
INTRODUCTION Conduction block in the posterior right atrium (RA) plays an important role in perpetuating atrial flutter (AFL). Although conduction blocks have functional properties, it is not clear how the block line changes with the pacing rate, pacing site, and administration of antiarrhythmic drugs. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty patients with typical AFL(More)
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