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Large-scale gene expression profiling is an effective strategy for understanding the progression of bladder cancer (BC). The aim of this study was to identify genes that are expressed differently in the course of BC progression and to establish new biomarkers for BC. Specimens from 21 patients with pathologically confirmed superficial (n = 10) or invasive(More)
To predict the prognosis of neuroblastoma patients and choose a better therapeutic protocol, we developed a cDNA microarray carrying 5340 genes obtained from primary neuroblastomas and examined 136 tumor samples. We made a probabilistic output statistical classifier that provided a high accuracy in prognosis prediction (89% at 5 years) and a highly reliable(More)
A large number of previous reports have focused on the transport of amyloid-β peptides through cerebral endothelial cells via the blood–brain barrier, while fewer reports have mentioned the transport through the choroid plexus epithelium via the blood–cerebrospinal fluid barrier. Concrete roles of these two pathways remain to be clarified. In this study, we(More)
We report a case of primary malignant melanoma of the male urethra in a patient whose penile shaft was successfully preserved, but who proceeded to acute renal failure (ARF) after interferon (IFN)-beta adjuvant immunotherapy. Primary malignant melanoma of the male urethra is rare and usually shows highly malignant potential. Therefore, urologists must often(More)
Osteocalcin (OC), a major noncollagenous bone matrix protein, is expressed prevalently in prostate cancer epithelial cells, adjacent fibromuscular stromal cells, and osteoblasts in locally recurrent prostate cancer and prostate cancer bone metastasis [Matsubara, S., Wada, Y., Gardner, T.A., Egawa, M., Park, M.S., Hsieh, C.L., Zhau, H.E., Kao, C., Kamidono,(More)
We isolated a paclitaxel-resistant cell line (KK47/TX30) from a human bladder cancer cell line (KK47/WT) in order to investigate the mechanism of and reversal agents for paclitaxel resistance. KK47/TX30 cells exhibited 700-fold resistance to paclitaxel and cross-resistance to vinca alkaloids and topoisomerase II inhibitors. Tubulin polymerization assay(More)
Promoter hypermethylation is one of the putative mechanisms underlying the inactivation of negative cell-cycle regulators. We examined whether the methylation status of p16(INK4a) and p14(ARF), genes located upstream of the RB and p53 pathway, is a useful biomarker for the staging, clinical outcome, and prognosis of human bladder cancer. Using(More)
A disintegrin and metalloproteases (ADAM) are cell membrane-anchored proteins with potential implications for the metastasis of human cancer cells via cell adhesion and protease activities. In prostate cancer (PC), the ADAM-10 protein showed a nuclear localization whereas in benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) it was predominantly bound to the cell membrane.(More)
The ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family is a group of transmembrane proteins containing cell adhesive and proteolytic functional domains. Microarray analysis detected elevated ADAM9 during the transition of human LNCaP prostate cancer cells from an androgen-dependent to an androgen-independent and metastatic state. Using a prostate tissue array(More)