Hiroyuki Koike

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A critical shortage of donor organs for treating end-stage organ failure highlights the urgent need for generating organs from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Despite many reports describing functional cell differentiation, no studies have succeeded in generating a three-dimensional vascularized organ such as liver. Here we show the generation(More)
Membrane protein complexes such as the reaction center complexes of oxygenic photosynthesis or the complex I of mitochondira are composed of many subunit polypeptides. To analyze their polypeptide compositions by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), a wide range of molecular sizes has to be resolved, especially in the low(More)
Activities of oxygen evolution, fluorescence Fv (a variable part of chlorophyll fluorescence) values, and amounts of the 33 kDa protein remaining bound to the thylakoids in intact spinach chloroplasts were measured during and after high-temperature treatment. The following results were obtained. (1) Both the Fv value and the flash-induced oxygen evolution(More)
Recurrent seizure activity has been shown to induce a variety of permanent structural changes in the brain. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) function to promote neuronal plasticity, primarily through cleavage of extracellular matrix proteins. Here, we investigated the role of MMP-9 in the development of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced kindled seizure in(More)
Gene-environment interaction may play a role in the etiology of schizophrenia. Transgenic mice expressing dominant-negative DISC1 (DN-DISC1 mice) show some histological and behavioral endophenotypes relevant to schizophrenia. Viral infection during neurodevelopment provides a major environmental risk for schizophrenia. Neonatal injection of(More)
Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv Norin No. 61) was grown at 25 degrees C until the third leaves reached about 10 cm in length and then at 15 degrees C, 25 degrees C, or 35 degrees C until full development of the third leaves (about 1 week at 25 degrees C, but 2-3 weeks at 15 degrees C or 35 degrees C). In the leaves developed at 15 degrees C, 25(More)
The deduced amino acid sequence of an slr1923 gene of Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 is homologous to archaean F(420)H(2) dehydrogenase, which acts as a soluble subcomplex of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase complex I. In this study, the gene was inactivated and characteristics of the mutant were analyzed. The mutant grew slower than the(More)
To delineate the molecular mechanism underlying the inverse agonist activity of olmesartan, a potent angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, we performed binding affinity studies and an inositol phosphate production assay. Binding affinity of olmesartan and its related compounds to wild-type and mutant AT1 receptors demonstrated that interactions(More)
Effects of high temperatures on the fluorescence Fm (maximum fluorescence) and Fo (dark level fluorescence) levels were studied and compared with those of the photochemical reactions of PS II. These comparisons were performed during and after the high temperature treatments. The following results were obtained; (1) increases in the Fo level at high(More)
Experiences during brain development may influence the pathogenesis of developmental disorders. Thus, social isolation (SI) rearing after weaning is a useful animal model for studying the pathological mechanisms of such psychiatric diseases. In this study, we examined the effect of SI on neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) relating to memory(More)