Hiroyuki Kitao

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Although genetic studies have demonstrated that MDMX is essential to maintain p53 activity at low levels in non-stressed cells, it is unknown whether MDMX regulates p53 activation by DNA damage. We show here that DNA damage-induced p53 induction is associated with rapid down-regulation of the MDMX protein. Significantly, interference with MDMX(More)
In response to DNA damage or replication fork stress, the Fanconi anemia pathway is activated, leading to monoubiquitination of FANCD2 and FANCI and their colocalization in foci. Here we show that, in the chicken DT40 cell system, multiple alanine-substitution mutations in six conserved and clustered Ser/Thr-Gln motifs of FANCI largely abrogate(More)
In DNA damage responses, the Fanconi anemia (FA) protein, FancD2, is targeted to chromatin and forms nuclear foci following its monoubiquitination, a process likely catalyzed by the FA core complex. Here, we show that a chicken FancD2-ubiquitin fusion protein, carrying a Lys-Arg substitution removing the natural monoubiquitination site (D2KR-Ub), could(More)
MDMX, an MDM2-related protein, has emerged as yet another essential negative regulator of p53 tumor suppressor, since loss of MDMX expression results in p53-dependent embryonic lethality in mice. However, it remains unknown why neither homologue can compensate for the loss of the other. In addition, results of biochemical studies have suggested that MDMX(More)
1. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of vitamin E on serum levels of malondialdehyde following the acute exhaustive exercise in human, and to determine whether the magnitude of leakage of enzyme would be affected by vitamin E supplementation. 2. Increase of malondialdehyde after exercise before vitamin E supplementation was slight(More)
PURPOSE LOH at the p53 locus has been reported to be associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinogenesis. The aim of this study is to identify potential mechanisms resulting in LOH around the p53 locus in its carcinogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We investigated 10 esophageal cancer cell lines and 91 surgically resected specimens, examining them for LOH(More)
Recent studies show overlap between Fanconi anemia (FA) proteins and those involved in DNA repair mediated by homologous recombination (HR). However, the mechanism by which FA proteins affect HR is unclear. FA proteins (FancA/C/E/F/G/L) form a multiprotein complex, which is responsible for DNA damage-induced FancD2 monoubiquitination, a key event for(More)
Gastric cancers show high frequency of DNA aneuploidy, a phenotype of chromosomal instability. It is suggested that the abnormal spindle assembly checkpoint is involved in DNA aneuploidy, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. We studied the mechanism by assessing the expression of BUBR1 in gastric cancer. The DNA ploidy patterns of 116 gastric(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib may provide dramatic clinical responses in some patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma carrying activating mutations of the EGFR. However, prolonged administration of gefitinib may eventually induce acquired resistance in such patients. To gain insight into the(More)
Fanconi anaemia (FA) is a rare hereditary disorder characterized by genomic instability and cancer susceptibility. A key FA protein, FANCD2, is targeted to chromatin with its partner, FANCI, and plays a critical role in DNA crosslink repair. However, the molecular function of chromatin-bound FANCD2-FANCI is still poorly understood. In the present study, we(More)