Hiroyuki Kikuchi

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DNA methylation is globally reprogrammed during mammalian preimplantation development, which is critical for normal development. Recent reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) studies suggest that the methylome dynamics are essentially conserved between human and mouse early embryos. RRBS is known to cover 5-10% of all genomic CpGs, favoring(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to insufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), prolonged sitting time is also a health risk for older adults. An understanding of population subgroups who have prolonged television viewing (TV) time, a predominant sedentary behavior, can aid in the development of relevant health promotion initiatives; however, few such(More)
OBJECTIVE Leisure-time sedentary behaviors (LTSBs) have been associated adversely with health outcomes. However, limited research has focused on different categories of LTSB. We aimed at identifying categories of LTSBs and examining their separate associations with indices of health among Japanese older adults. METHODS A postal survey collected data on(More)
Because the labeling of grains and feed- and foodstuffs is mandatory if the genetically modified organism (GMO) content exceeds a certain level of approved genetically modified varieties in many countries, there is a need for a rapid and useful method of GMO quantification in food samples. In this study, a rapid detection system was developed for Roundup(More)
Fatty liver disease is characterized by a wide spectrum of liver damage, i.e. simple steatosis may progress to advanced fibrosis and to cryptogenic cirrhosis via steatohepatitis, and ultimately to hepatocellular carcinoma. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a marine-derived n-3 fatty acid like docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is an anti-thrombotic and hypolipidemic(More)
In recent years, the distribution of a variety of psychotropic products, especially “spice” and “herbal blends,” which are advertised to have narcotic-like effects, has become more widespread in the Japanese illegal drug market. We recently found two synthetic annabinoids, cannabicyclohexanol and JWH-018, that serve as adulterants in herbal products(More)
New-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is a serious complication after kidney transplantation. Obesity was widely identified as a modifiable risk factor for NODAT. Body mass index (BMI) is the most frequently used diagnostic indication of obesity, and higher pretransplant BMI has been reported to be an independent risk factor of NODAT. However,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Pancreatic fistula is the most common complication following distal pancreatectomy. We have developed a fibrin adhesive sealing method which covers the cut surface and parenchyma of the pancreas, to prevent pancreatic fistula. METHODOLOGY We performed 25 distal pancreatectomies. Fibrin adhesive (TachoComb) was applied to the staple line of(More)
The TRAIL/death-receptor signaling pathway has been considered a promising target for selective cancer therapy, although some malignant tumors exhibit TRAIL resistance. We previously found that isoflavonoid enhanced TRAIL-induced apoptosis in TRAIL-resistant cells, which is achieved through up-regulation of death receptor 5 (DR5). In our screening program(More)
In Japan, 8 lines of genetically modified (GM) potato (2 lines of NewLeaf potato; NL, 3 lines of NewLeaf Plus potato; NLP, and 3 lines of NewLeaf Y potato; NLY) have already been authorized as safe for use in foods and feeds. We have developed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods for the qualitative detection of the GM potatoes for the screening and the(More)