Learn More
The plant pathogenic bacterium Erwinia chrysanthemi secretes pectate lyase proteins that are important virulence factors attacking the cell walls of plant hosts. Bacterial production of these enzymes is induced by the substrate polypectate-Na (NaPP) and further stimulated by the presence of plant extracts. The bacterial regulator responsible for induction(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) is a specific mitogen for vascular endothelial cells that plays a critical role in cancer neoangiogenesis. Here, we report that the nucleolar tumor suppressor p19(ARF) suppresses VEGFA expression, acting at the level of mRNA translation without affecting the transcription of the VEGFA gene. Translational(More)
Sometimes the most firmly held scientific beliefs turn out to be completely wrong. For instance, Ptolemy’s intrinsically simple, albeit misguided, hypothesis of a geocentric universe persisted as fact for well over a thousand years. Hippocrates’s notion of the ‘four bodily humors’ also dominated medical thinking for a similar period of time. And for those(More)
Adipocyte differentiation requires a well-defined programme of gene expression in which the transcription factor C/EBPalpha (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein) has a central function. Here, we show that Hzf (haematopoietic zinc-finger), a previously identified p53 transcriptional target, regulates C/EBPalpha expression. Hzf is induced during differentiation of(More)
Senescent cells accumulate in many tissues as animals age and are considered to underlie several aging-associated pathologies. The tumor suppressors p19(ARF) and p16(INK4a), both of which are encoded in the CDKN2A locus, play critical roles in inducing and maintaining permanent cell cycle arrest during cellular senescence. Although the elimination of(More)
The RNA-binding protein Hzf (hematopoietic zinc finger) plays important roles in mRNA translation in cerebellar Purkinje cells and adipocytes. We along with others have reported that the expression of the Hzf gene is transcriptionally regulated by the p53 tumor suppressor protein. We show here that Hzf regulates p53 expression in cooperation with HuR. Hzf(More)
p19(ARF) plays an essential role in the senescence of mouse cells, and its expression is lost by methylation or deletion of the ARF locus; otherwise, p53 is inactivated to bypass senescence. ARF expression is tightly regulated, but little is known about its posttranscriptional regulation. Here, we show that an RNA-binding protein, HuR (human antigen R),(More)
BACKGROUND HuR (human antigen R) is a ubiquitously expressed member of the Hu/ELAV family of proteins that is involved in diverse biological processes. HuR has also been shown to play an important role in cell cycle arrest during replicative senescence in both human and mouse cells. Senescent cells not only halt their proliferation, but also activate the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) is a specific mitogen for vascular endothelial cells that plays a critical role in cancer neoangiogenesis. Here, we report that the nucleolar tumor suppressor p19 ARF suppresses VEGFA expression, acting at the level of mRNA translation without affecting the transcription of the VEGFA gene. Translational(More)
  • 1