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The vertebrate olfactory system discriminates a wide variety of odorants by relaying coded information from olfactory sensory neurons in the olfactory epithelium to olfactory cortical areas of the brain. Recent studies have shown that the first step in odor discrimination is mediated by approximately 1000 distinct olfactory receptors, which comprise the(More)
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) induces apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which may increase atherosclerotic plaque instability. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms causing the Ox-LDL-induced apoptosis in VSMCs, especially focusing on the involvement of Bax/Bcl-2 and the lectinlike Ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). In(More)
Receptor-mediated endocytosis of oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) by macrophages has been implicated in foam cell transformation in the process of atherogenesis. Although several scavenger receptor molecules, including class A scavenger receptors and CD36, have been identified as OxLDL receptors on macrophages, additional molecules on macrophages(More)
Whereas the molecular natures of M-CSF/CSF-1 and its receptor c-fms are well characterized, its actual role in the intramarrow hematopoiesis remains obscure. This is because disruption of this signaling pathway results in the osteopetrosis mouse that lacks the bone cavity for hematopoiesis. To elucidate the role of c-fms in intramarrow hematopoiesis, we(More)
OBJECTIVES Haemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is known as a relatively rare complication in autoimmune diseases. Here we analysed the clinical features of HPS in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases. METHODS One thousand and fourteen patients with systemic autoimmune diseases admitted to Hokkaido University Hospital from 1997 to 2007 were recruited [350(More)
FTY720, given i.v. or orally at 0.03 mg/kg or more, significantly prolonged skin allograft survival in a dose-dependent manner and showed more potent immunosuppressive activity than cyclosporin A (CsA) or tacrolimus (FK506) in MHC-incompatible rat strains of WKAH donors and F344 recipients. However, unlike CsA or FK506, FTY720 up to 1000 nM did not affect(More)
Tumor cell-derived collagenase stimulatory factor, renamed extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), is a M(r) approximately 58,000 glycoprotein which is located on the outer surface of human tumor cells and which interacts with fibroblasts to stimulate expression of several matrix metalloproteinases in the fibroblasts. In this study, we(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent mitogen for rat and human hepatocytes in primary culture and appears to be the physiological hepatotrophic factor that triggers or modulates liver regeneration. Regulation of HGF gene expression and the protein production in human skin fibroblasts was examined. Addition of epidermal growth factor (EGF),(More)
Snail family proteins are zinc finger transcriptional regulators first identified in Drosophila which play critical roles in cell fate determination. We identified a novel Snail -related gene from murine skeletalmusclecells designated Smuc. Northern blot analysis showed that Smuc was highly expressed in skeletal muscle and thymus. Smuc contains five(More)
A simple, rapid and sensitive method for the determination of nicotine, cotinine, nornicotine, anabasine, and anatabine in human urine and saliva was developed. These compounds were analyzed by on-line in-tube solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Nicotine, cotinine and related alkaloids were(More)