Hiroyuki Kashiwagi

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Although recent trends in laparoscopic procedures have been toward minimizing the number of incisions, four or five ports are normally required to complete laparoscopic gastrectomy because of the complexity of this procedure. Multi-channel ports, such as the SILS port (Covidien, JAPAN), are now available and are crucial for performing single-incision(More)
Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor with an extremely poor prognosis. The mechanisms of the aggressive growth and metastasis are not yet extensively understood. Over-expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was suggested to be associated with malignant transformation of pancreatic cancer. We examined EGFR expression in 77 cases of invasive(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma carries an ominous prognosis and has little effective treatment. Several studies have demonstrated that the potently antiapoptotic phosphatidyl inositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B/AKT pathway is active in pancreas cancer. A recent study identified an endogenous AKT antagonist, carboxyl terminal modulator protein (CTMP). CTMP(More)
Most liver cysts are asymptomatic and tend to have a benign clinical course. However, symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention. The laparoscopic approach is crucial and provides definitive treatment for such cysts. Recently, a trend of laparoscopic procedure has been toward minimizing the number of incisions. We(More)
Resistance to modern adjuvant treatment is in part due to the failure of programmed cell death. Therefore the molecules that execute the apoptotic program are potential targets for the development of anti-cancer therapeutics. The sigma-2 receptor has been found to be over-expressed in some types of malignant tumors, and, recently, small molecule ligands to(More)
Undifferentiated spindle and giant cell carcinoma of the common bile duct has not been reported previously. We present here a case of 71-year-old man with the undifferentiated spindle and giant cell carcinoma of the common bile duct, including immunohistochemical findings. A nodular infiltrating tumor was located at the lower portion of the extrahepatic(More)
An important mechanism by which pancreatic cancer avoids antitumor immunity is by recruiting regulatory T cells (Tregs) to the tumor microenvironment. Recent studies suggest that suppressor Tregs and effector Th17 cells share a common lineage and differentiate based on the presence of certain cytokines in the microenvironment. Because IL-6 in the presence(More)
Suppression of apoptosis is central to the development of cancer and is associated with resistance to modern adjuvant treatments. Therefore, molecules and pathways of apoptotic processes are critical targets for the development of anti-cancer therapeutics. Since apoptosis is executed by intracellular proteins, molecular approaches must incorporate a method(More)
One major challenge in the development of cancer therapeutics is the selective delivery of the drugs to their cellular targets. In the case of pancreatic cancer, the σ-2 receptor is a unique target that triggers apoptosis upon activation. We have previously developed a series of chemical compounds with high affinity for the σ-2 receptor and showed rapid(More)
We have previously reported that the sigma-2 receptor is highly expressed in pancreas cancer. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that sigma-2 receptor specific ligands induce apoptosis in a dose-dependent fashion. Here, we examined whether sigma-2 receptor ligands potentiate conventional chemotherapies such as gemcitabine and paclitaxel. Mouse (Panc-02) and(More)