Hiroyuki Kanda

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The purpose of this study is to determine the threshold suprachoroidal-transretinal stimulation (STS) current that results in retinal damage in rabbits. Biphasic STS pulses (anodic first, frequency 20 Hz) were used to stimulate the retina of pigmented rabbits (n = 18) continuously for 1 h using a 100 microm diameter platinum wire electrode. The STS current(More)
PURPOSE To examine the safety and effectiveness of a retinal prosthesis that is implanted semichronically in two patients with advanced retinitis pigmentosa (RP). METHODS Two eyes of two patients with advanced RP had a retinal prosthesis implanted in a sclera pocket of one eye. The visual acuity of both eyes before the implantation was bare light(More)
PURPOSE Assessment of a novel method of retinal stimulation, known as suprachoroidal-transretinal stimulation (STS), which was designed to minimize insult to the retina by implantation of stimulating electrodes for artificial vision. METHODS In 17 normal hooded rats and 12 Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats, a small area of the retina was focally(More)
BACKGROUND A new method of stimulating the retina electrically, called suprachoroidal transretinal stimulation (STS), was shown to be effective in eliciting electrically evoked cortical potentials (EEPs) in Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats. Before extending this technique to patients, it is important to determine its safety and feasibility in eliciting(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the efficient parameters to evoke electrical phosphenes is essential for the development of a retinal prosthesis. We studied the efficient parameters in normal subjects and investigated if suprachoroidal-transretinal stimulation (STS) is effective in patients with advanced retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using these efficient parameters.(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether wire microelectrodes implanted in the optic disc can be used to elicit cortical potentials. METHODS Two or four platinum wire electrodes of two types, viz., the cut-end type and the exposed-tip type, were inserted through the vitreous and fixed in the optic disc of 16 rabbit eyes. Electrically evoked potentials (EEPs) were(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) has neuroprotective effects on the photoreceptors, and whether it slows the rate of decrease of the electroretinogram (ERG) in rhodopsin P347L transgenic (Tg) rabbits. METHODS Six-week-old Tg rabbits received TES through a contact lens electrode on the left eye weekly for 6 weeks. The(More)
PURPOSE Several approaches for placing an electrode device for visual prosthesis have been previously proposed. In this study, we investigated if transretinal stimulation from the suprachoroidal space can elicit an electrical evoked potential (EEP) in albino rabbits. METHODS A flat electrode array (polyimide plate, platinum electrode) was developed and(More)
Transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) activates retinal neurons leading to visual sensations. How the retinal cells are activated by TES has not been definitively determined. Investigating the reflectance changes of the retina is an established technique and has been used to determine the mechanism of retinal activation. The purpose of this study was to(More)
PURPOSE To determine the relationship between re-reading the same line and saccadic disconjugacy in patients with convergence insufficiency-type intermittent exotropia [CI-type X(T)]. METHODS Eight patients with CI-type X(T) and ten healthy orthophoric individuals were studied. Video-oculography was used to assess the eye movements during the reading of a(More)