Hiroyuki Kamiya

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Glutamate receptors (GluRs) mediate most of the excitatory neurotransmission in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). In addition, they are involved in plastic changes in synaptic transmission as well as excitotoxic neuronal cell death that occurs in a variety of acute and chronic neurological disorders. The GluRs are divided into two distinct groups,(More)
1. The presynaptic action of kainate (KA) receptor activation at the mossy fibre-CA3 synapse was examined using fluorescence measurement of presynaptic Ca2+ influx as well as electrophysiological recordings in mouse hippocampal slices. 2. Bath application of a low concentration (0.2 microM) of KA reversibly increased the amplitude of presynaptic volley(More)
1. The effect of a low concentration (1 microM) of kainate (kainic acid; KA) on presynaptic calcium (Ca2+) influx at the Schaffer collateral-commissural (SCC) synapse was examined in rat hippocampal slices. 2. Following selective loading of the presynaptic terminals with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator rhod-2 AM, transient increases in the presynaptic Ca2+(More)
A retrograde and anterograde wheat germ agglutinated horseradish peroxidase WGA-HRP study in the cat indicated that some neurons in the dorsal column nuclei and the interpolar and caudal spinal trigeminal nuclei send fibers to the dorsal and ventral cochlear nuclei; to the pyramidal cell layer of the dorsal cochlear nucleus and to the cochlear granule cell(More)
Mitochondria are the principal producers of energy in higher cells. Mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in a variety of human diseases, including cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Effective medical therapies for such diseases will ultimately require targeted delivery of therapeutic proteins or nucleic acids to the mitochondria, which will be(More)
Between 9 May and 4 June 2009, a total of 401 laboratory-confirmed cases of influenza A(H1N1)v virus were reported in Japan, from 16 of the 47 Japanese prefectures. The two areas most affected were Osaka prefecture and Kobe city where outbreaks in high schools occurred leading to school closures. To date all cases have had symptoms consistent with seasonal(More)
1. To investigate mechanisms responsible for the presynaptic inhibitory action mediated by the axonal group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) at the mossy fibre-CA3 synapse, we used a quantitative fluorescence measurement of presynaptic Ca2+ in mouse hippocampal slices. 2. Bath application of the group II mGluR-specific agonist(More)
OBJECTIVE There is no common guideline on what temperature should be achieved at the lower body circulatory arrest followed by the initiation of selective cerebral perfusion. METHODS Between October 1999 and August 2005, a total of 377 patients underwent repair of the aortic arch with selective cerebral perfusion and hypothermic circulatory arrest at 20(More)
The possibility that Escherichia coli MutT and human MTH1 (hMTH1) hydrolyze oxidized DNA precursors other than 8-hydroxy-dGTP (8-OH-dGTP) was investigated. We report here that hMTH1 hydrolyzed 2-hydroxy-dATP (2-OH-dATP) and 8-hydroxy-dATP (8-OH-dATP), oxidized forms of dATP, but not (R)-8,5'-cyclo-dATP, 5-hydroxy-dCTP, and 5-formyl-dUTP. The kinetic(More)
Dysiherbaine (DH) is a marine sponge-derived amino acid that causes seizures upon injection into mice. In this report we investigate the behavioral effects and characterize the pharmacological activity of DH. DH induced convulsive behaviors in mice with ED(50) values of 13 pmol/mouse, i.c.v. and 0.97 mg/kg, i.p. In rat brain synaptic membranes DH displaced(More)