Hiroyuki Kagechika

Mari Ishigami-Yuasa3
Sung Wook Park2
3Mari Ishigami-Yuasa
2Sung Wook Park
Learn More
The vitamin A metabolite, retinoic acid (RA), affects Th1 and Th2 development. The effect is partly exerted through the modulation of antigen-presenting cell functions, but it remains unclear whether RA directly exerts its effect on T cells to influence Th1/Th2 development. To clarify this problem, we used two experimental systems with isolated T cells in(More)
The molecular basis of CNS myelin regeneration (remyelination) is poorly understood. We generated a comprehensive transcriptional profile of the separate stages of spontaneous remyelination that follow focal demyelination in the rat CNS and found that transcripts that encode the retinoid acid receptor RXR-γ were differentially expressed during(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage scavenger receptors facilitate the uptake of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL), formation of foam cells, and development of atherosclerosis. Given that proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, can modulate the macrophage foaming process, the aim of the present study was to determine whether the synthetic retinoic acid(More)
Mutations in H6-homeobox (HMX) genes are linked to neural mispatterning and neural tube closure defects in humans. We demonstrate that zebrafish Hmx4 regulates the signaling of two morphogens critical for neural development, retinoic acid (RA) and Sonic hedgehog (Shh). Hmx4-depleted embryos have a strongly narrowed eye field and reduced forebrain Shh target(More)
Memory deficit in rats treated with scopolamine was rescued by several synthetic retinoids, RAR-ligands (Am80, Am555S, Tp80) and an RXR-ligand (HX630). These results may have implications for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, age-related dementia, Parkinson's disease, and other neurological disorders.
Vitamin A-derived retinoic acids (RAs) are known to exert a variety of biological actions, including modulatory effects on cell differentiation and apoptosis. A recent study has demonstrated that 13-cis-RA and all-trans-RA suppressed neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in adult mice. The present experiments were performed to see whether(More)
Transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) plays versatile roles in cell proliferation and differentiation. It is phosphorylated by large tumor suppressor kinases, the core kinases of the tumor-suppressive Hippo pathway. Phosphorylation induces the cytoplasmic accumulation of TAZ and its degradation. In human cancers, the deregulation of the(More)
All trans retinoic acid (atRA) is one of the most potent therapeutic agents, but extensive toxicity caused by nuclear RA receptors (RARs) limits its clinical application in treating cancer. AtRA also exerts non-genomic activities for which the mechanism remains poorly understood. We determine that cellular retinoic acid binding protein 1 (Crabp1) mediates(More)
Various retinoid X receptor (RXR) agonists have recently been developed, and some of them have shown anti-tumor effects both in vivo and in vitro. However, there has been no report showing the effects of RXR agonists on Cushing's disease, which is caused by excessive ACTH secretion in a corticotroph tumor of the pituitary gland. Therefore, we examined the(More)