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The thermophilic, anaerobic, propionate-oxidizing bacterial populations present in the methanogenic granular sludge in a thermophilic (55 degrees C) upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor were studied by cultivation and in situ hybridization analysis. For isolation of propionate-degrading microbes, primary enrichment was made with propionate as the sole(More)
Combining the processes of partial nitrification and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) is an attractive wastewater-treatment technology for nitrogen removal. In this study we investigated partial nitrification by implementing a closed down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor operated at controlled oxygen concentrations. Basic concept of DHS process is(More)
Microbial life inhabits deeply buried marine sediments, but the extent of this vast ecosystem remains poorly constrained. Here we provide evidence for the existence of microbial communities in ~40° to 60°C sediment associated with lignite coal beds at ~1.5 to 2.5 km below the seafloor in the Pacific Ocean off Japan. Microbial methanogenesis was indicated by(More)
One thermophilic (strain IMO-1(T)) and two mesophilic (strains KIBI-1(T) and YMTK-2(T)) non-spore-forming, non-motile, Gram-negative, multicellular filamentous micro-organisms, which were previously isolated as members of the tentatively named class 'Anaerolineae' of the phylum Chloroflexi, were characterized. All isolates were strictly anaerobic(More)
The classical perception of members of the gram-positive Desulfotomaculum cluster I as sulfate-reducing bacteria was recently challenged by the isolation of new representatives lacking the ability for anaerobic sulfate respiration. For example, the two described syntrophic propionate-oxidizing species of the genus Pelotomaculum form the novel(More)
Microbial diversity and methanogenic potential in formation water samples from a dissolved-in-water type gas field were investigated by using 16S rRNA gene libraries and culture-based methods. Two formation water samples (of 46 and 53°C in temperature) were obtained from a depth of 700 to 800 m. Coenzyme F420-autofluorescence indicated that 103–104 cells(More)
Archaeal 16S rDNA clone libraries were constructed for samples taken at 10, 20 and 30 m depth in a landfill, which corresponded approximately 3, 6 and 9 years operation, respectively. Sequencing and phylogenetic analyses of representative clones showed that all of the rDNAs were closely related to typical methanogens. The distributions of phylotypes in(More)
A novel methane-producing archaeon, strain NOBI-1(T) was isolated from an anaerobic, propionate-degradation enrichment culture, which was originally obtained from a mesophilic methanogenic sludge digesting municipal sewage sludge. Cells were non-motile, rod-shaped, 0.7-1.0 microm by 2.0 microm, and formed multicellular filaments longer than 8 microm. Growth(More)
We previously reported that the thermophilic filamentous anaerobe Anaerolinea thermophila, which is the first cultured representative of subphylum I of the bacterial phylum Chloroflexi, not only was one of the predominant constituents of thermophilic sludge granules but also was a causative agent of filamentous sludge bulking in a thermophilic (55 degrees(More)
An anaerobic, mesophilic, syntrophic benzoate-degrading bacterium, designated strain FBT, was isolated from methanogenic sludge which had been used to treat wastewater from the manufacture of terephthalic acid. Cells were non-motile gram-positive rods that formed spores. The optimum temperature for growth was 35–40 °C, and the optimum pH was 7.0–7.2. A(More)