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BACKGROUND A number of epidemiologic studies of Parkinson 's disease (PD) have been conducted worldwide over the years. Although every study reported the rise in prevalence and incidence rate of PD with the increasing age, the overall estimates were different across countries. The variation in reported data may partly be contributed by case ascertainment,(More)
SH-2-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase 2 (SHIP-2) is a physiologically important lipid phosphatase that functions to hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase product PI(3,4,5)P3 to PI(3,4)P2 in the negative regulation of insulin signaling. We investigated whether SHIP-2 is associated with the insulin resistance of diabetic db/db mice. The amount of(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder in older people, and half of the world's older population lives in Asia. However, the epidemiology of PD in Asian countries is poorly understood. This review assembles evidence on the prevalence and incidence of PD in Asian countries and identifies gaps in our present knowledge. (More)
Lipid phosphatase SHIP2 [Src homology 2 (SH2)-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase 2] has been shown to be a physiologically critical negative regulator of insulin signaling. We investigated the molecular mechanism by which SHIP2 negatively regulates insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt, a key downstream molecule of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase important(More)
Rat heme-binding protein 23 (HBP23)/peroxiredoxin (Prx I) belongs to the 2-Cys peroxiredoxin type I family and exhibits peroxidase activity coupled with reduced thioredoxin (Trx) as an electron donor. We analyzed the dimer-oligomer interconversion of wild-type and mutant HBP23/Prx I by gel filtration and found that the C52S and C173S mutants existed mostly(More)
The tRNA(Gm18) methyltransferase (TrmH) catalyzes the 2'-O methylation of guanosine 18 (Gua18) of tRNA. We solved the crystal structure of Thermus thermophilus TrmH complexed with S-adenosyl-L-methionine at 1.85 A resolution. The catalytic domain contains a deep trefoil knot, which mutational analyses revealed to be crucial for the formation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Transfer RNAs from an extreme thermophile, Thermus thermophilus, commonly possess 2'-O-methylguanosine at position 18 (Gm18) in the D-loop. This modification is post-transcriptionally introduced by tRNA (Gm18) methyltransferase. RESULTS Partial amino acid sequence data were obtained from purified T. thermophilus tRNA (Gm18) methyltransferase by(More)
Transfer RNA (Gm18) methyltransferase (TrmH) catalyzes the methyl transfer from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) to the 2'-OH group of the G18 ribose in tRNA. To identify amino acid residues responsible for the tRNA recognition, we have carried out the alanine substitution mutagenesis of the basic amino acid residues that are conserved only in TrmH enzymes(More)
PI(3,4,5)P3 produced by PI3-kinase seems to be a key mediator for insulin's metabolic actions. We have recently cloned rat SHIP2 cDNA which is abundantly expressed in target tissues of insulin. Here, we clarify the role of SHIP2 possessing 5'-phosphatase activity toward PI(3,4,5)P3 in insulin signalling in the skeletal muscle. The role of SHIP2 in(More)
Gastrin has the ability to stimulate cell growth in some colorectal cancer cells and some of these cells also express gastrin/CCKB receptors, suggesting that gastrin and its autocrine loop are involved in their proliferation. We previously reported that oncogenic ras induced gastrin gene expression in colon cancer cells. The aim of this study was to(More)