Hiroyuki Hirakawa

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The effects of systemic hypoxia with different levels of CO2 on R-R interval (RRI) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) variabilities were investigated in conscious rats. Wistar rats chronically instrumented for the measurement of blood pressure, electrocardiogram, and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) were exposed to hypocapnic (Hypo), isocapnic (Iso),(More)
The electrical properties of chemoreceptor afferent nerve fibers and glomus cells and the behavior of cytosolic Ca(2+) in glomus cells are reviewed. While this has not been confirmed, spontaneously depolarizing potentials (SDPs) recorded in a chemoreceptor afferent terminal may be the postsynaptic expression of presynaptic events. Glomus cells, which are(More)
Using single-unit electrophysiological methods we have mapped sound frequency (or cochleotopic) representation in the auditory cortex of the chinchilla. We describe the surgical approach to expose this area. We report on maps from six subjects and note a considerable variation in shape between individuals. In general, the primary area has a(More)
We have found a reorganization of tonotopic maps (based on neuron response thresholds) in primary auditory cortex of the adult chinchilla after amikacin-induced basal cochlear lesions. We find an over-representation of a frequency that corresponds to the border area of the cochlear lesion. The reorganization observed is similar in extent to that previously(More)
We have measured transient-evoked and distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) in the chinchilla and compared them in the awake and anesthetized animal (using either ketamine or barbiturate agents). We report a significant increase in OAE amplitudes during anesthesia, particularly using ketamine. These effects are most evident for transient-evoked(More)
In this study we compare distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and ABR threshold shifts in an animal model (chinchilla) of cochlear hearing loss. Subjects were treated with an aminoglycoside (amikacin) to produce basal cochlear lesions of various degree. DPOAE and TEOAE were measured throughout(More)
1. To clarify the difference in behavioural activities and catecholamine metabolism between layer and broiler-type chicks two experiments were conducted. 2. In experiment 1, 1-d-old male layer and broiler chicks were placed in an open-field area and their responses were investigated for 10 min. The responses of the two strains were remarkably different,(More)
The anterior semicircular canals of bull frogs were isolated and the cupula was removed from the crista and the sensory cilia on the crista were depressed toward the canal side by a glass micropipette. Seven points on the crista were selected for stimulation. Decremental time constants of the anterior ampullary nerve action potentials were measured. The(More)
Myocarditis is a critical inflammatory disorder which causes life-threatening conditions. No specific or effective treatment has been established. DPP-4 inhibitors have salutary effects not only on type 2 diabetes but also on certain cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of a DPP-4 inhibitor on myocarditis has not been investigated. To clarify the(More)
We have measured the changes in transient otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) during and after ototoxic amikacin treatment in an animal (chinchilla) model. TEOAE and DPOAE were recorded from 6 adult chinchillas over a 6-week time course starting just before a 5-day or 7-day treatment period with amikacin(More)