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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has been conserved remarkably during evolution and is widely expressed in the mammalian brain. In Drosophila, mutation of the PACAP homologue results in behavioral defects, including impaired olfaction-associated learning and changes in ethanol sensitivity. Here, we report the generation of mice(More)
UNLABELLED The bone metabolic abnormalities in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were examined. Severity-dependent increases in the serum/urinary levels of bone resorption markers and their attenuation following continuous positive airway pressure therapy in subjects with OSA provide the first evidence of a link between OSA and abnormal bone(More)
Mice with a targeted mutation of the gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) receptor gene (GIPR) were generated to determine the role of GIP as a mediator of signals from the gut to pancreatic beta cells. GIPR-/- mice have higher blood glucose levels with impaired initial insulin response after oral glucose load. Although blood glucose levels after meal(More)
Human CYP3A7 and CYP3A4 are expressed in fetal and adult livers, respectively, although the 5'-flanking regions of the two genes show 90% homology. The purpose of this study was to clarify the mechanism(s) responsible for the transcriptional regulation of the CYP3A7 gene in human hepatoma HepG2 cells that showed fetal phenotypes. Transfection studies using(More)
We have studied cyclopiazonic acid (CPA)-sensitive store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in cultured neurons and astrocytes and examined the effect of 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]]isothiourea (KB-R7943), which is often used as a selective inhibitor of the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), on the SOCE. CPA increased transiently intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
Aflatoxins were determined in 3054 samples of foods or foodstuffs, including cereals, nuts, beans, spices, dairy products, dry fruits, and edible oil. Samples were collected in Tokyo from 1986 to 1990. Aflatoxins were found in rice products, adlay, corn, crude sugar, peanut products, pistachio nuts, brazil nuts, sesame products, butter beans, white pepper,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the prognostic importance of thin-section computed tomographic (CT) findings of peripheral lung adenocarcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS The subjects were 127 patients with adenocarcinomas smaller than 3 cm in largest diameter who underwent at least a lobectomy with hilar and mediastinal lymphadenectomy. The margin characteristics of(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, also termed monocyte chemotactic and activating factor (MCAF)/CCL2, plays an important role in progressive organ fibrosis. It was hypothesized that MCP-1, through its cognate receptor, CCR2, regulates the pathogenesis and is therapeutically of importance for renal fibrosis. To achieve this goal, the therapeutic(More)
Ninety-one cases of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia were studied clinically and histologically. This peculiar benign process, occasionally resembling hemangiosarcoma, was subgrouped in the following categories: a pure form that occurs within a dilated vascular space (30 cases), a mixed form that appears as a focal change in a hemangioma (55(More)
We identified a zebrafish homologue of Dickkopf-1 (Dkk1), which was previously identified in Xenopus as a Wnt inhibitor with potent head-inducing activity. Zebrafish dkk1 is expressed in the dorsal marginal blastoderm and also in the dorsal yolk syncytial layer after mid-blastula transition. At later blastula stages, the expression expands to the entire(More)