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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has been conserved remarkably during evolution and is widely expressed in the mammalian brain. In Drosophila, mutation of the PACAP homologue results in behavioral defects, including impaired olfaction-associated learning and changes in ethanol sensitivity. Here, we report the generation of mice(More)
UNLABELLED The bone metabolic abnormalities in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were examined. Severity-dependent increases in the serum/urinary levels of bone resorption markers and their attenuation following continuous positive airway pressure therapy in subjects with OSA provide the first evidence of a link between OSA and abnormal bone(More)
We have studied cyclopiazonic acid (CPA)-sensitive store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in cultured neurons and astrocytes and examined the effect of 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]]isothiourea (KB-R7943), which is often used as a selective inhibitor of the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), on the SOCE. CPA increased transiently intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
Aflatoxins were determined in 3054 samples of foods or foodstuffs, including cereals, nuts, beans, spices, dairy products, dry fruits, and edible oil. Samples were collected in Tokyo from 1986 to 1990. Aflatoxins were found in rice products, adlay, corn, crude sugar, peanut products, pistachio nuts, brazil nuts, sesame products, butter beans, white pepper,(More)
Mice with a targeted mutation of the gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) receptor gene (GIPR) were generated to determine the role of GIP as a mediator of signals from the gut to pancreatic beta cells. GIPR-/- mice have higher blood glucose levels with impaired initial insulin response after oral glucose load. Although blood glucose levels after meal(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the prognostic importance of thin-section computed tomographic (CT) findings of peripheral lung adenocarcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS The subjects were 127 patients with adenocarcinomas smaller than 3 cm in largest diameter who underwent at least a lobectomy with hilar and mediastinal lymphadenectomy. The margin characteristics of(More)
We identified a zebrafish homologue of Dickkopf-1 (Dkk1), which was previously identified in Xenopus as a Wnt inhibitor with potent head-inducing activity. Zebrafish dkk1 is expressed in the dorsal marginal blastoderm and also in the dorsal yolk syncytial layer after mid-blastula transition. At later blastula stages, the expression expands to the entire(More)
Ninety-one cases of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia were studied clinically and histologically. This peculiar benign process, occasionally resembling hemangiosarcoma, was subgrouped in the following categories: a pure form that occurs within a dilated vascular space (30 cases), a mixed form that appears as a focal change in a hemangioma (55(More)
Comparison of the conformational stability of an O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis strain KOD1 (Tk-MGMT), and its mesophilic counterpart C-terminal Ada protein from Escherichia coli (Ec-AdaC) was performed in order to obtain information about the relationship between thermal(More)
A fungus producing an alpha-glucosidase that synthesizes alpha-1,3- and alpha-1,2-linked glucooligosaccharides by transglucosylation was isolated and identified as Paecilomyces lilacinus. The cell-bound enzyme responsible for the synthesis was extracted by suspension of mycelia with 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 8.0), and the extract was purified. The(More)