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KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
The rat L6 skeletal muscle cell line was used to study expression of the dystrophin-containing glycoprotein complex and its interaction with the integrin system involved in the cell-matrix adhesion reaction. A complex of dystrophin and its associated proteins was fully expressed in L6 myotubes, from which anti-dystrophin or anti-alpha-sarcoglycan(More)
In this study, we analysed the mitochondrial DNA D-loop region of Japanese native chickens to clarify their phylogenetic relationships, possible maternal origin and routes of introduction into Japan. Seven haplogroups (Types A-G) were identified. Types A-C were observed in Jidori, Shokoku and related breeds. However, Type C was absent in Shokoku, which was(More)
Chicken were possibly domesticated in South and Southeast Asia. They occur ubiquitously in East Africa where they show extensive phenotypic diversity. They appeared in the region relatively late, with the first undisputed evidence of domestic chicken in Sudan, around ~ 700 BC. We reveal through a detailed analysis of mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequence(More)
BACKGROUND Early reperfusion therapy improves the clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but benefits are limited by reperfusion injury in some patients. We examined the effect of nicorandil, a hybrid of K(ATP) channel opener and nicotinamide nitrate, on reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and clinical outcomes after(More)
The present study examined whether basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-impregnated acidic gelatin hydrogel microspheres (AGHM) would enhance collateral development to the infarct area in dogs with coronary occlusion. Studies were conducted in 28 dogs with a 2-week occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The dogs were(More)
Ethiopian cattle are under threat from uncontrolled mating practices and are at high risk of becoming genetically homogeneous. Therefore, to evaluate genetic diversity, population structure and degree of admixture, 30 microsatellite markers were genotyped using 351 DNA samples from 10 Ethiopian cattle populations and the Holstein breed. The mean number of(More)
In this study, 30 microsatellite markers recommended by the International Society for Animal Genetics and the Food and Agriculture Organization were used to determine the extent of genetic differentiation and phylogenetic relationships among indigenous chicken populations sampled in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan. Genetic differentiation (F(ST)) and(More)
Domestic fowl or chicken (Gallus gallus) and Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) belong to the family Phasianidae. The exchange of marker information between chicken and quail is an important step towards the construction of a high-resolution comparative genetic map in Phasianidae, which includes several poultry species of agricultural importance. We tested(More)
Sarcoglycans (SGs) are components of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex, genetic defects in which cause skeletal muscle dystrophy and cardiomyopathy in humans and animals. To obtain insight into the roles of SGs, we characterized properties of myotubes prepared from cells of the rat L6 line or primary myoblast cultures of rat gastrocnemius muscle that were(More)