Hiroyuki Hanada

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KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
The rat L6 skeletal muscle cell line was used to study expression of the dystrophin-containing glycoprotein complex and its interaction with the integrin system involved in the cell-matrix adhesion reaction. A complex of dystrophin and its associated proteins was fully expressed in L6 myotubes, from which anti-dystrophin or anti-alpha-sarcoglycan(More)
BACKGROUND Early reperfusion therapy improves the clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but benefits are limited by reperfusion injury in some patients. We examined the effect of nicorandil, a hybrid of K(ATP) channel opener and nicotinamide nitrate, on reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and clinical outcomes after(More)
Vacuolar type H+-ATPase purified from bovine chromaffin granules did not show simple Michaelis-Menten type kinetics, and had apparent Km values of 5 microM, 30 microM and 300 microM. These three Km values suggested the presence of catalytic cooperativity during steady-state hydrolysis. The single turnover rate was 10(-3)-fold the maximal velocity of the(More)
BACKGROUND In an animal model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), deletion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 results in suppression of the development of cardiac rupture. The present study sought to clarify how myocardial MMP-9 activity is related to the pathophysiologies of AMI and cardiac rupture in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS Levels of(More)
AIMS Oxidative stress is implicated in the progression of heart failure, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity is increased in patients with congestive heart failure. We examined the role of oxidative stress on MMP activity in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS We measured the MMP activity and the level of 8-iso-prostagandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha), a(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies on atherectomy specimens from patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) implicated the role of proteolytic enzymes. We examined whether the plasma levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were increased in the coronary circulation in ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS The plasma(More)
Allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, was shown to improve the regional ventricular function after coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion in animal models. The effects of oral administration of allopurinol on a transient increase in free radical generation after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with acute(More)
The dystrophin-glycoprotein complex was isolated from hamster ventricular muscle by a method involving homogenization of muscle directly in the presence of 1% digitonin, followed by chromatography on succinylated wheat germ agglutinin agarose, Diethyl aminoethyl (DEAE) cellulose, and/or immunoaffinity agarose. Protein yield of the DEAE cellulose-purified(More)
Enalapril is effective in the suppression of left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but the effect of telmisartan is unclear. The consecutive 163 AMI patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention and were randomized to telmisartan (n = 82) or enalapril (n = 81). Left ventriculography was performed in the acute(More)