Hiroyuki Hakoda

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To examine the possible role of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission and physiological function of coexistence VIP and acetylcholine at vagus nerve terminals in the cat trachea, we immunized five cats each against conjugate of VIP-bovine serum albumin (BSA) and BSA, respectively. A booster injection of(More)
1. Tissue taken at operation was used to study the electrical and mechanical properties of human bronchial smooth muscle with intracellular microelectrodes and isometric recording of tension changes. 2. Over 90% of the muscle strips exhibited spontaneous tone and 70% produced spontaneous phasic contractions. The resting membrane potential of the smooth(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, gastrointestinal stromal tumors that have developed outside of the digestive tract have been reported. These tumors are collectively termed extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors can also develop in the liver. Only eight case reports involving primary GIST of the liver have been published. We report(More)
1. Comparative studies on the effects of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), commercially available VIP antiserum or VIP antagonists [Ac-Tyr1, D-Phe2]-GRF(1-29)-NH2 and [4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17]-VIP on excitatory neuroeffector transmission in the dog and cat trachea were performed with microelectrode, double sucrose-gap, and tension recording methods. 2.(More)
We show a back-of-device (BoD) interaction based on the range of motion of the index finger to improve the usability of a touchscreen mobile device held in one hand. To design this interaction, we conducted two experiments to investigate the range of motion of the index finger on the back of mobile devices. On the basis of those results, we designed a(More)
The authors propose an operating method for multi-touch environments based on a metaphor of the table manners of Western dishes. The user holds two styli, or uses two fingers, as a knife and fork, for operation. The fork plays a role of pointing and selection and the knife plays a role of executing a command. The actions are organized based on table manners(More)
1. The effects of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) antagonists [AC-Tyr1, D-Phe2]-GRF(1-29)-NH2 and [4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17]-VIP on excitatory neuroeffector transmission in the dog and cat trachea were investigated by use of microelectrode, double sucrose-gap and tension recording methods. 2. In the dog trachea, repetitive stimuli at high frequency (20(More)