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PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the long-term results of radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with chemoembolization (combination therapy) as compared with hepatectomy for the treatment of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was waived.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate survival, recurrence-free survival, technical success, technique effectiveness, and safety of radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with chemoembolization in patients with hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) larger than 5 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients with Child-Pugh class A or B cirrhosis and three or fewer HCCs with a maximum tumor(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is upregulated in a variety of human cancers, including in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whereas it is undetectable in most normal tissue. Evidence suggests that COX-2 is likely to be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis and, thus, COX-2 may be involved in an early process in carcinogenesis, dedifferentiation. To address this(More)
Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is a pattern-recognizing receptor that is involved in immune signaling and plays a crucial role in survival by being able to recognize various viral components including double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). TLR3 expression and function in cancer cells are not well understood. We investigated the expression of TLR3 in hepatocellular(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in tumor cells, but not in most normal cells. The role of TRAIL in hepatic cell death and hepatic diseases is not well understood. The present study investigated the expression of TRAIL and TRAIL receptors (TRAIL-Rs) in patients with hepatitis C virus infection using(More)
Autoimmune pancreatitis is a chronic fibroinflammatory condition primarily affecting the pancreas. Recent accumulating evidence suggested that autoimmune pancreatitis is a systemic autoimmune disease (immunoglobulin G4 [IgG4]-related autoimmune disease) affecting various organs with dense infiltration of IgG4-positive mononuclear cells. Tubulointerstitial(More)
The inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs) family regulate apoptosis by preventing the action of the central execution phase, and function as mediators and regulators of the anti-apoptotic activity of the v-Rel and NF-kappaB transcription factor families. The targeting of IAPs may be a promising strategy, but it is not well elucidated in human hepatocellular(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is constitutively activated in various cancers and plays a crucial role in oncogensis, including the activation of genes encoding apoptosis inhibitors and cell-cycle regulators. We investigated the biological significance of the Janus kinase (Jak)-STAT pathway in human hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the risk factors for local tumor progression after radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with chemoembolization for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 255 HCC lesions 5 cm or less in maximum diameter were treated by RF ablation in 173 patients within 2 weeks after chemoembolization was(More)
AIM To investigate the usefulness of 1.5 Harmonic Imaging Sonography with the use of the contrast agent Levovist for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and for the evaluation of therapeutic response. METHODS Phantom experiments were performed to compare the contrast effects of 2(nd) harmonic imaging and 1.5 Harmonic Imaging Sonography. 1.5(More)