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Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in tumor cells, but not in most normal cells. The role of TRAIL in hepatic cell death and hepatic diseases is not well understood. The present study investigated the expression of TRAIL and TRAIL receptors (TRAIL-Rs) in patients with hepatitis C virus infection using(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the long-term results of radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with chemoembolization (combination therapy) as compared with hepatectomy for the treatment of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was waived.(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is constitutively activated in various cancers and plays a crucial role in oncogensis, including the activation of genes encoding apoptosis inhibitors and cell-cycle regulators. We investigated the biological significance of the Janus kinase (Jak)-STAT pathway in human hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
Autoimmune pancreatitis is a chronic fibroinflammatory condition primarily affecting the pancreas. Recent accumulating evidence suggested that autoimmune pancreatitis is a systemic autoimmune disease (immunoglobulin G4 [IgG4]-related autoimmune disease) affecting various organs with dense infiltration of IgG4-positive mononuclear cells. Tubulointerstitial(More)
The inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs) family regulate apoptosis by preventing the action of the central execution phase, and function as mediators and regulators of the anti-apoptotic activity of the v-Rel and NF-kappaB transcription factor families. The targeting of IAPs may be a promising strategy, but it is not well elucidated in human hepatocellular(More)
Flavopiridol was one of the first cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors demonstrated to have an antitumor effect in several cancer types. Here, we investigated the effects of flavopiridol on TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines HLE and HepG2, and evaluated the role of flavopiridol in apoptosis. To(More)
Different RNA species are rigorously discriminated and exported by distinct export factors, but this discrimination mechanism remains largely unknown. We previously showed, by RNA microinjection experiments, that intronless mRNAs are discriminated from U snRNAs based on their difference in RNA length. However, it was unclear how they are discriminated in(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the risk factors for local tumor progression after radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with chemoembolization for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 255 HCC lesions 5 cm or less in maximum diameter were treated by RF ablation in 173 patients within 2 weeks after chemoembolization was(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is upregulated in a variety of human cancers, including in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whereas it is undetectable in most normal tissue. Evidence suggests that COX-2 is likely to be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis and, thus, COX-2 may be involved in an early process in carcinogenesis, dedifferentiation. To address this(More)