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— The self-assembling of three-dimensional (3-D) MEMS from polysilicon surface micromachined part is very attractive. To avoid risky external manipulation, the practical use of integrated actuator to perform the assembling task is required. To that goal, this paper presents detailed characteristics of the electrostatic surface micromachined scratch drive(More)
This paper discusses the potential of a transformerless STATic synchronous COMpensator (STATCOM) intended for installation on the 6.6-kV industrial and utility distribution systems. The STATCOM consists of a five-level diode-clamped pulsewidth-modulation converter rated at 1 MVA and a voltage-balancing circuit rated at 6 kVA. Moreover, this paper designs,(More)
This paper presents an innovative high-frequency- based biosensor, which combines both microwave detection and microfluidic network for time-efficient and accurate biological analysis. It is composed of a coplanar waveguide with a microfluidic channel placed on top. With the help of an appropriate de-embedding technique and modeling of the measurements, the(More)
A combined system consisting of a passive filter and a small-rated active filter that are connected in series is discussed as a method of overcoming power system harmonic interferences caused by harmonic-producing loads such as diode or thyristor converters and cycloconverters. The system features filtering characteristics independent of the source(More)
This paper proposes the cooperative control of multiple active filters based on voltage detection for harmonic damping throughout a power distribution system. The arrangement of a real distribution system would be changed according to system operation, and/or fault conditions. In addition, shunt capacitors and loads are individually connected to, or(More)
Nanosystems operating in liquid media may suffer from random Brownian motion due to thermal fluctuations. Biomolecular motors exploit these random fluctuations to generate a controllable directed movement. Inspired by nature, we proposed and realized a nano-system based on Brownian motion of nanobeads for linear transport in microfluidic channels. The(More)
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) is the only treatment, which leads to a life-long tolerance against allergens due to restoration of normal immunity. The induction of a tolerant state in peripheral T cells represents an essential step in allergen-SIT. Peripheral T-cell tolerance is characterized mainly by suppressed proliferative and cytokine responses(More)
F1-ATPase is the smallest known rotary motor, and it rotates in an anticlockwise direction as it hydrolyses ATP. Single-molecule experiments point towards three catalytic events per turn, in agreement with the molecular structure of the complex. The physiological function of F1 is ATP synthesis. In the ubiquitous F0F1 complex, this energetically uphill(More)